Glossary of Military Terms
A condition wherein normal message and telephone traffic
is drastically reduced in order that messages connected with an
actual or simulated emergency shall not be delayed.
minimum aircraft operating surface
The minimum surface on an airfield which is
essential for the movement of aircraft. It includes the aircraft
dispersal areas, the minimum operating strip, and the taxiways
between them. See also minimum operating strip.
minimum attack altitude
The lowest altitude determined by the tactical use of
weapons, terrain consideration, and weapons effects that permits
the safe conduct of an air attack and/or minimizes effective
minimum crossing altitude
The lowest altitude at certain radio fixes at which an
aircraft must cross when proceeding in the direction of a higher
minimum en route instrument flight rules altitude.
minimum essential equipment
That part of authorized allowances of Army equipment,
clothing, and supplies needed to preserve the integrity of a
unit during movement without regard to the performance of its
combat or service mission. Items common within this category
will normally be carried by or accompany troops to the port and
will be placed aboard the same ships with the troops. As used in
movement directives, minimum essential equipment refers to
specific items of both organizational and individual clothing
Those minimum actions, including the use of armed force,
sufficient to bring a situation under control or to defend
against hostile act or hostile intent. All actions must cease as
soon as the target complies with instructions or ceases hostile
action. The firing of weapons is to be considered as a means of
minimum nuclear safe distance
The sum of the radius of safety and the buffer
minimum nuclear warning time
The sum of system reaction time and personnel
minimum obstruction clearance altitude
The specified altitude in effect between radio fixes on
very high frequency omnirange airways, off-airway routes, or
route segments, which meets obstruction clearance requirements
for the entire route segment, and that assures acceptable
navigational signal coverage only within 22 miles of a very high
minimum operating strip
A runway which meets the minimum requirements for
operating assigned and/or allocated aircraft types on a
particular airfield at maximum or combat gross weight. See also
minimum aircraft operating surface.
1. Least range setting of a gun at which the projectile
will clear an obstacle or friendly troops between the gun and
the target. 2. Shortest distance to which a gun can fire from a
given position. 3. The range at which a projectile or fuse will
minimum reception altitude
The lowest altitude required to receive adequate signals
to determine specific very high frequency omnirange and tactical
air navigation fixes.
minimum residual radioactivity weapon
A nuclear weapon designed to have optimum reduction
of unwanted effects from fallout, rainout, and burst site
radioactivity. See also salted weapon.
A temporary corridor of defined dimensions recommended for
use by high-speed, fixed-wing aircraft that presents the minimum
known hazards to low-flying aircraft transiting the combat zone.
Also called MRR.
minimum safe altitude
The altitude below which it is hazardous to fly
owing to presence of high ground or other obstacles.
See photogrammetric control.
In the Air Force, a facility operated by an Active,
Reserve, or Guard unit of at least squadron size that does not
otherwise satisfy all the criteria for a major installation.
This category includes Air Force stations; air stations; Air
Reserve stations; and Air Guard stations. Examples of minor
installations are Active, Reserve, or Guard flying operations
that are located at civilian-owned airports. See also
A port having facilities for the discharge of cargo
from coasters or lighters only.
1. Failure to fire or explode properly. 2. Failure
of a primer or the propelling charge of a round or projectile to
function wholly or in part.
An approach which is not completed by landing.
missile assembly-checkout facility
A building, van, or other type structure located near the
operational missile launching location and designed for the
final assembly and checkout of the missile system.
missile control system
A system that serves to maintain attitude stability
and to correct deflections. See also missile guidance system.
Intentional destruction of a missile or similar
vehicle for safety or other reasons.
missile destruct system
A system which, when operated by external command or
preset internal means, destroys the missile or similar vehicle.
missile guidance system
A system which evaluates flight information,
correlates it with target data, determines the desired flight
path of a missile, and communicates the necessary commands to
the missile flight control system. See also missile control
missile release line
The line at which an attacking aircraft could launch an
air-to-surface missile against a specific target.
A casualty status for which the United States Code
provides statutory guidance concerning missing members of the
Military Services. Excluded are personnel who are in an absent
without leave, deserter, or dropped-from-rolls status. A person
declared missing is categorized as follows. a. beleaguered--The
casualty is a member of an organized element that has been
surrounded by a hostile force to prevent escape of its members.
b. besieged--The casualty is a member of an organized element
that has been surrounded by a hostile force, compelling it to
surrender. c. captured--The casualty has been seized as the
result of action of an unfriendly military or paramilitary force
in a foreign country. d. detained--The casualty is prevented
from proceeding or is restrained in custody for alleged
violation of international law or other reason claimed by the
government or group under which the person is being held. e.
interned--The casualty is definitely known to have been taken
into custody of a nonbelligerent foreign power as the result of
and for reasons arising out of any armed conflict in which the
Armed Forces of the United States are engaged. f. missing--The
casualty is not present at his or her duty location due to
apparent involuntary reasons and whose location is unknown. g.
missing in action--The casualty is a hostile casualty, other
than the victim of a terrorist activity, who is not present at
his or her duty location due to apparent involuntary reasons and
whose location is unknown. Also called MIA. See also casualty
category; casualty status.
missing in action
1. The task, together with the purpose, that clearly
indicates the action to be taken and the reason therefore. 2. In
common usage, especially when applied to lower military units, a
duty assigned to an individual or unit; a task. 3. The
dispatching of one or more aircraft to accomplish one particular
Material condition of an aircraft indicating it can
perform at least one and potentially all of its designated
missions. Mission-capable is further defined as the sum of full
mission-capable and partial mission-capable. Also called MC. See
also full mission-capable; partial mission-capable; partial
mission-capable, maintenance; partial mission-capable, supply.
The mission cycle, as it pertains to targeting, is a
decisionmaking process used by commanders to employ forces.
Within the cycle there are six general mission steps: detection,
location, identification, decision, execution, and assessment.
1. That materiel authorized and available to combat,
combat support, combat service support, and combat readiness
training forces in order to accomplish their assigned missions.
2. For the purpose of sizing organic industrial facilities, that
Service-designated materiel authorized to combat, combat
support, combat service support, and combat readiness training
forces and activities, including Reserve and National Guard
activities, that is required to support approved emergency
and/or war plans, and where the materiel is used to: a. destroy
the enemy or the enemy's capacity to continue war; b. provide
battlefield protection of personnel; c. communicate under war
conditions; d. detect, locate, or maintain surveillance over the
enemy; e. provide combat transportation and support of men and
materiel; and f. support training functions. Mission-essential
materiel should also be suitable for employment under emergency
plans to meet the purposes enumerated above.
mission needs statement
A formatted non-system-specific statement containing
operational capability needs and written in broad operational
terms. It describes required operational capabilities and
constraints to be studied during the Concept Exploration and
Definition Phase of the Requirements Generation Process. Also
Items for which requirements computations are based upon
the assessment of enemy capabilities expressed as a known or
estimated quantity of total targets to be destroyed. See also
combination mission/level of effort-oriented items; level of
mission-oriented protective posture
A flexible system of protection against nuclear,
biological, and chemical contamination. This posture requires
personnel to wear only that protective clothing and equipment
(mission-oriented protective posture gear) appropriate to the
threat level, work rate imposed by the mission, temperature, and
humidity. Also called MOPP. See also mission-oriented protective
mission-oriented protective posture gear
Military term for individual protective equipment
including suit, boots, gloves, mask with hood, first aid
treatments, and decontamination kits issued to soldiers. Also
called MOPP gear. See also decontamination; mission-oriented
mission review report (photographic interpretation)
An intelligence report containing information on all
targets covered by one photographic sortie.
mission specific data sets
Further densification of global geospatial foundation
data. Information created to support specific operations,
operation plans, training, or system development. Information
conforms to established Department of Defense data
specifications. Also called MSDS. See also geospatial
information and services.
mission type order
1. Order issued to a lower unit that includes the
accomplishment of the total mission assigned to the higher
headquarters. 2. Order to a unit to perform a mission without
specifying how it is to be accomplished.
In artillery and naval gunfire support, a spotting,
or an observation, by a spotter or an observer to indicate that
the rounds fired resulted in an equal number of air and impact
In naval mine warfare, a collection of mines of
various types, firing systems, sensitivities, arming delays and
ship counter settings.
A minefield containing both antitank and
antipersonnel mines. See also minefield.
Defense of an area or position in which maneuver is used
with organization of fire and utilization of terrain to seize
the initiative from the enemy.
mobile inshore undersea warfare unit
A Navy surveillance unit that provides seaward security to
joint logistics over-the-shore operations from either a port or
harbor complex or unimproved beach sites. The mobile inshore
undersea warfare unit is equipped with mobile radar, sonar, and
communications equipment located within a mobile van. Also
called MIUWU. See also joint logistics over-the-shore
In naval mine warfare, a mine designed to be
propelled to its proposed laying position by propulsion
equipment like a torpedo. It sinks at the end of its run and
then operates like a mine. See also mine.
mobile support group (naval)
Provides logistic support to ships at an anchorage; in
effect a naval base afloat, although certain of its supporting
elements may be located ashore.
mobile training team
A team consisting of one or more US military or civilian
personnel sent on temporary duty, often to a foreign nation, to
give instruction. The mission of the team is to train indigenous
personnel to operate, maintain, and employ weapons and support
systems, or to develop a self-training capability in a
particular skill. The Secretary of Defense may direct a team to
train either military or civilian indigenous personnel,
depending upon host-nation requests. Also called MTT.
A quality or capability of military forces which
permits them to move from place to place while retaining the
ability to fulfill their primary mission.
Mobility Air Forces
The Mobility Air Forces are comprised of those air
components and Service components that are assigned air mobility
forces and/or that routinely exercise command authority over
their operations. Also called MAF.
An in-depth examination of all aspects of transportation
planning in support of operation plan and operation order
Areas where a force will be canalized due to terrain
restrictions. They allow military forces to capitalize on the
principles of mass and speed and are therefore relatively free
A subordinate element of a unit that is scheduled for
deployment separately from the parent unit.
mobility system support resources
Those resources that are required to: a. complement the
airlift and sealift forces; and/or b. perform those work
functions directly related to the origination, processing, or
termination of a movement requirement.
1. The act of assembling and organizing national resources
to support national objectives in time of war or other
emergencies. See also industrial mobilization. 2. The process by
which the Armed Forces or part of them are brought to a state of
readiness for war or other national emergency. This includes
activating all or part of the Reserve Components as well as
assembling and organizing personnel, supplies, and materiel.
Mobilization of the Armed Forces includes but is not limited to
the following categories. a. selective mobilization--Expansion
of the active Armed Forces resulting from action by Congress
and/or the President to mobilize Reserve Component units,
Individual Ready Reservists, and the resources needed for their
support to meet the requirements of a domestic emergency that is
not the result of an enemy attack. b. partial
mobilization--Expansion of the active Armed Forces resulting
from action by Congress (up to full mobilization) or by the
President (not more than 1,000,000 for not more than 24
consecutive months) to mobilize Ready Reserve Component units,
individual reservists, and the resources needed for their
support to meet the requirements of a war or other national
emergency involving an external threat to the national security.
c. full mobilization--Expansion of the active Armed Forces
resulting from action by Congress and the President to mobilize
all Reserve Component units in the existing approved force
structure, as well as all individual reservists, retired
military personnel, and the resources needed for their support
to meet the requirements of a war or other national emergency
involving an external threat to the national security. Reserve
personnel can be placed on active duty for the duration of the
emergency plus six months. d. total mobilization--Expansion of
the active Armed Forces resulting from action by Congress and
the President to organize and/or generate additional units or
personnel beyond the existing force structure, and the resources
needed for their support, to meet the total requirements of a
war or other national emergency involving an external threat to
the national security. Also called MOB.
The total of all resources available, or that can be made
available, to meet foreseeable wartime needs. Such resources
include the manpower and materiel resources and services
required for the support of essential military, civilian, and
survival activities, as well as the elements affecting their
state of readiness, such as (but not limited to) the following:
manning levels, state of training, modernization of equipment,
mobilization materiel reserves and facilities, continuity of
government, civil defense plans and preparedness measures,
psychological preparedness of the people, international
agreements, planning with industry, dispersion, and standby
legislation and controls.
An exercise involving, either completely or in part, the
implementation of mobilization plans.
Not to be used. See war reserves.
The designated location where a Reserve Component unit or
individual mobilizes or moves after mobilization for further
processing, training, and employment. This differs from a
mobilization station in that it is not necessarily a military
installation. See also mobilization; mobilization station;
mobilization staff officer
The action officer assigned the principle responsibility
or additional duties related to Reserve Component mobilization
actions. See also mobilization; Reserve Components.
The designated military installation to which a Reserve
Component unit or individual is moved for further processing,
organizing, equipping, training, and employment and from which
the unit or individual may move to an aerial port of embarkation
or seaport of embarkation. See also mobilization; mobilization
site; Reserve Components.
A model, built to scale, of a machine, apparatus, or
weapon, used in studying the construction of, and in testing a
new development, or in teaching personnel how to operate the
actual machine, apparatus, or weapon.
mode (identification, friend or foe)
The number or letter referring to the specific pulse
spacing of the signals transmitted by an interrogator or
mode of transport
The various modes used for a movement. For each mode,
there are several means of transport. They are: a. inland
surface transportation (rail, road, and inland waterway); b. sea
transport (coastal and ocean); c. air transportation; and d.
See military capability.
Modernized Integrated Database
The national level repository for the general military
intelligence available to the entire Department of Defense
Intelligence Information System community and, through Global
Command and Control System integrated imagery and intelligence,
to tactical units. This data is maintained and updated by the
Defense Intelligence Agency. Commands and Services are delegated
responsibility to maintain their portion of the database. Also
known as MIDB. See also database.
modified combined obstacle overlay
A joint intelligence preparation of the battlespace
product used to portray the effects of each battlespace
dimension on military operations. It normally depicts militarily
significant aspects of the battlespace environment, such as
obstacles restricting military movement, key geography, and
military objectives. Also called MCOO. See also joint
intelligence preparation of a battlespace.
In air transport, the weight of a load multiplied by
its distance from a reference point in the aircraft.
1. The act of listening, carrying out surveillance
on, and/or recording the emissions of one's own or allied forces
for the purposes of maintaining and improving procedural
standards and security, or for reference, as applicable. 2. The
act of listening, carrying out surveillance on, and/or recording
of enemy emissions for intelligence purposes. 3. The act of
detecting the presence of radiation and the measurement thereof
with radiation measuring instruments. Also called radiological
The general surveillance of known air traffic movements by
reference to a radar scope presentation or other means, for the
purpose of passing advisory information concerning conflicting
traffic or providing navigational assistance. Direct supervision
or control is not exercised, nor is positive separation
Lying with both anchors down or tied to a pier, anchor
buoy, or mooring buoy.
A contact or influence-operated mine of positive
buoyancy held below the surface by a mooring attached to a
sinker or anchor on the bottom. See also mine.
The liquidation of remnants of enemy resistance in
an area that has been surrounded or isolated, or through which
other units have passed without eliminating all active
A muzzle-loading, indirect fire weapon with either a
rifled or smooth bore. It usually has a shorter range than a
howitzer, employs a higher angle of fire, and has a tube with a
length of 10 to 20 calibers. See also gun; howitzer.
Covers the search for, recovery, identification,
preparation, and disposition of remains of persons for whom the
Services are responsible by status and Executive Order. See also
joint mortuary affairs office.
An assembly of overlapping photographs that have
been matched to form a continuous photographic representation of
a portion of the surface of the Earth. See also controlled
mosaic; semi-controlled mosaic.
most capable Service or agency
The organization that is best suited to provide common
supply commodity or logistic service support within a specific
joint operation. In this context, "best suited" could mean the
Service or agency that has required or readily available
resources and/or expertise. The most capable Service may or may
not be the dominant user in any particular operation. See also
A unit equipped with complete motor transportation
that enables all of its personnel, weapons, and equipment to be
moved at the same time without assistance from other sources.
1. All preparations made in areas designated for the
purpose, in anticipation of an operation. It includes the
assembly in the mounting area, preparation and maintenance
within the mounting area, movement to loading points, and
subsequent embarkation into ships, craft, or aircraft if
applicable. (DOD only) 2. A carriage or stand upon which a
weapon is placed.
A general locality where assigned forces of an amphibious
or airborne operation, with their equipment, are assembled,
prepared, and loaded in shipping and/or aircraft preparatory to
an assault. See also embarkation area.
1. The planning, routing, scheduling, and control of
personnel and cargo over lines of communications. 2. An
organization responsible for the planning, routing, scheduling,
and control of personnel and cargo movements over lines of
communications. Also called movement control center or MCC. See
also consumer logistics; line of communications; logistic and
movement control center; movement control center; movement
control teams; non-unit-related cargo; non-unit-related
movement control center
See movement control.
movement control post
The post through which the control of movement is
exercised by the commander, depending on operational
movement control team
Movement control teams (MCTs) are Army units that
decentralize the execution of movement responsibilities on an
area basis or at key transportation nodes. The mission of the
MCTs is movement control of personnel and materiel as well as
the coordination of bulk fuel and water transportation at
pipeline and production take-off points. To this end, the MCTs
contribute to the development of procedures, documents, and
practices to facilitate local movement. Their role is to
expedite, coordinate, and monitor traffic moving through the
transportation system. MCTs are tailored to meet the anticipated
workload. Other Service movement requirements that exceed
organic capability will be requested through the Army MCTs. The
movement control center is the higher headquarters for the MCTs
and is located at Corps level. Also called MCT.
The allocation granted to one or more vehicles in
order to move over a controlled route in a fixed time according
to movement instructions.
The basic document published by the Department of the Army
or the Department of the Air Force (or jointly) that authorizes
a command to take action to move a designated unit from one
location to another.
Those ships and embarked units that load out and proceed
to rendezvous in the objective area.
An order issued by a commander covering the details for a
move of the command.
In amphibious operations, the period during which various
elements of the amphibious force move from points of embarkation
to the operational area. This move may be via rehearsal,
staging, or rendezvous areas. The movement phase is completed
when the various elements of the amphibious force arrive at
their assigned positions in the operational area. See also
amphibious force; amphibious operation.
In amphibious operations, the naval plan providing for the
movement of the amphibious task force to the objective area. It
includes information and instructions concerning departure of
ships from embarkation points, the passage at sea, and the
approach to and arrival in assigned positions in the objective
area. See also amphibious operation; amphibious task force.
movement report control center
The controlling agency for the entire movement report
system. It has available all information relative to the
movements of naval ships and other ships under naval control.
movement report system
A system established to collect and make available to
certain commands vital information on the status, location, and
movement of flag commands, commissioned fleet units, and ships
under operational control of the Navy.
A stated movement mode and time-phased need for the
transport of units, personnel, and/or materiel from a specified
origin to a specified destination.
A restriction temporarily placed on traffic into
and/or out of areas to permit clearance of or prevention of
A schedule developed to monitor or track a separate
entity, whether it is a force requirement, cargo or personnel
increment, or lift asset. The schedule reflects the assignment
of specific lift resources (such as an aircraft or ship) that
will be used to move the personnel and cargo included in a
specific movement increment. Arrival and departure times at
ports of embarkation, etc., are detailed to show a flow and
workload at each location. Movement schedules are detailed
enough to support plan implementation.
A table giving detailed instructions or data for a
move. When necessary it will be qualified by the words road,
rail, sea, air, etc., to signify the type of movement. Normally
issued as an annex to a movement order or instruction.
movement to contact
A form of the offense designed to develop the situation
and to establish or regain contact. See also meeting engagement;
reconnaissance in force
Restricted areas established to provide a measure of
security to submarines and surface ships in transit through
areas in which the existing attack restrictions would be
inadequate to prevent attack by friendly forces. See also moving
submarine haven; moving surface ship haven.
moving map display
A display in which a symbol, representing the
vehicle, remains stationary while the map or chart image moves
beneath the symbol so that the display simulates the horizontal
movement of the vehicle in which it is installed. Occasionally
the design of the display is such that the map or chart image
remains stationary while the symbol moves across a screen. See
also projected map display.
The collective description of mines, such as
drifting, oscillating, creeping, mobile, rising, homing, and
moving submarine haven
An area established by a submarine operating authority to
prevent mutual interference among friendly submarines, or
between friendly submarines and ships operating with towed
bodies or arrays. See also moving havens.
moving surface ship haven
Established by surface ship notices, a moving surface ship
haven will normally be a circle with a specified radius centered
on the estimated position of the ship or the guide of a group of
ships. See also moving havens.
moving target indicator
A radar presentation which shows only targets which
are in motion. Signals from stationary targets are subtracted
out of the return signal by the output of a suitable memory
Pertaining to communications, usually full duplex, on more
than one channel simultaneously. Multichannel transmission may
be accomplished by either time-, frequency-, code-, and
phase-division multiplexing or space diversity.
In transport operations, a term applied to the
movement of passengers and cargo by more than one method of
Between two or more forces or agencies of two or more
nations or coalition partners. See also alliance; coalition.
Fundamental principles that guide the employment of forces
of two or more nations in coordinated action toward a common
objective. It is ratified by participating nations. See also
doctrine; joint doctrine; multi-Service doctrine.
An exercise containing one or more non-US participating
force(s). See also exercise.
A force composed of military elements of nations who have
formed an alliance or coalition for some specific purpose. Also
called MNF. See also multinational force commander;
multinational force commander
A general term applied to a commander who exercises
command authority over a military force composed of elements
from two or more nations. The extent of the multinational force
commander's command authority is determined by the participating
nations. Also called MNFC. See also multinational force.
multinational integrated logistic support
Two or more nations agree to provide logistic assets to a
multinational force under operational control of a multinational
force commander for the logistic support of a multinational
force. See also logistic support; multinational integrated
logistic support unit; multinational logistics; multinational
logistic support arrangement.
multinational integrated logistic support unit
An organization resulting when two or more nations agree
to provide logistics assets to a multinational logistic force
under the operational control of a multinational commander for
the logistic support of a multinational force. Also called
MILU.See also logistic support; multinational; multinational
integrated logistic support.
Any coordinated logistic activity involving two or more
nations supporting a multinational force conducting military
operations under the auspices of an alliance or coalition,
including those conducted under United Nations mandate.
Multinational logistics includes activities involving both
logistic units provided by participating nations designated for
use by the multinational force commander as well as a variety of
multinational logistic support arrangements that may be
developed and used by participating forces. See also logistics;
multinational; multinational logistic support arrangement.
multinational logistic support arrangement
Any arrangement involving two or more nations that
facilitates the logistic support of a force (either the forces
of the countries participating in the arrangement or other
countries). See also logistic support; multinational;
A collective term to describe military actions conducted
by forces of two or more nations, usually undertaken within the
structure of a coalition or alliance. See also alliance;
coalition; coalition action.
A staff composed of personnel of two or more nations
within the structure of a coalition or alliance. See also
integrated staff; joint staff; parallel staff.
Warfare conducted by forces of two or more nations,
usually undertaken within the structure of a coalition or
See multiple unit training assemblies.
multiple inactive duty training periods
Two scheduled inactive duty training periods performed in
one calendar day, each at least four hours in duration. No more
than two inactive duty training periods may be performed in one
multiple independently targetable reentry vehicle
A reentry vehicle carried by a delivery system that can
place one or more reentry vehicles over each of several separate
targets. See also maneuverable reentry vehicle; multiple reentry
vehicle; reentry vehicle.
multiple reentry vehicle
The reentry vehicle of a delivery system that places more
than one reentry vehicle over an individual target. See also
maneuverable reentry vehicle; multiple independently targetable
reentry vehicle; reentry vehicle.
multiple unit training assemblies
Two or more unit training assemblies executed during one
or more consecutive days. No more than two unit training
assemblies may be performed in one calendar day.
multiple warning phenomenology
Deriving warning information from two or more systems
observing separate physical phenomena associated with the same
events to attain high credibility while being less susceptible
to false reports or spoofing.
A device that combines (multiplexes) multiple input
signals (information channels) into an aggregate signal (common
channel) for transmission.
multi-point refueling system
A limited number of KC-135 aircraft can be equipped with
external wing-mounted pods to conduct drogue air refueling,
while still maintaining boom air refueling capability on the
same mission. This dual refueling capability makes KC-135s with
multi-point refueling systems ideal for use as ground alert
aircraft. Also known as MPRS. See also air refueling.
A publication containing principles, terms, tactics,
techniques, and procedures used by the forces of two or more
Services to perform a common military function. It is approved
by two or more Services and is promulgated as a Service
publication. It may include differing perspectives on
operational employment. It is authoritative to the same extent
as other Service publications but requires judgment in
application. It must be consistent with approved joint
The image of an object obtained simultaneously in a
number of discrete spectral bands. Also called MSI.
Those ships certified to have three or more adjacent
landing areas. See also spot.
A complete device charged with explosives,
propellants, pyrotechnics, initiating composition, or nuclear,
biological, or chemical material for use in military operations,
including demolitions. Certain suitably modified munitions can
be used for training, ceremonial, or nonoperational purposes.
Also called ammunition. (Note: In common usage, "munitions"
[plural] can be military weapons, ammunition, and equipment.)
See also explosive ordnance.
munitions effectiveness assessment
Conducted concurrently and interactively with battle
damage assessment, the assessment of the military force applied
in terms of the weapon system and munitions effectiveness to
determine and recommend any required changes to the methodology,
tactics, weapon system, munitions, fusing, and/or weapon
delivery parameters to increase force effectiveness. Munitions
effectiveness assessment is primarily the responsibility of
operations with required inputs and coordination from the
intelligence community. Also called MEA. See also assessment;
battle damage assessment; munition.
That support which units render each other against
an enemy, because of their assigned tasks, their position
relative to each other and to the enemy, and their inherent
capabilities. See also close support; direct support; support.
A device attached to the muzzle of a weapon that utilizes
escaping gas to reduce recoil.
A device attached to the muzzle of a weapon that utilizes
escaping gas to control muzzle movement.
The velocity of a projectile with respect to the muzzle at
the instant the projectile leaves the weapon.