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Acronyms A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W - Z Resources


Glossary of Military Terms

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J-2X
A J-2 staff element normally associated with a deployed joint force, consisting of the human intelligence operations cell and the task force counterintelligence coordinating authority. The J-2X is responsible for coordination and deconfliction of all human source-related activity. See also counterintelligence; human intelligence.

jamming
See barrage jamming; electronic attack; electromagnetic jamming; selective jamming; spot jamming.

j-axis
A vertical axis in a system of rectangular coordinates; that line on which distances above or below (north or south) the reference line are marked, especially on a map, chart, or graph.

jet advisory service
The service provided certain civil aircraft while operating within radar and nonradar jet advisory areas. Within radar jet advisory areas, civil aircraft receiving this service are provided radar flight following, radar traffic information, and vectors around observed traffic. In nonradar jet advisory areas, civil aircraft receiving this service are afforded standard instrument flight rules separation from all other aircraft known to air traffic control to be operating within these areas.

jet propulsion
Reaction propulsion in which the propulsion unit obtains oxygen from the air, as distinguished from rocket propulsion, in which the unit carries its own oxygen-producing material. In connection with aircraft propulsion, the term refers to a gasoline or other fuel turbine jet unit that discharges hot gas through a tail pipe and a nozzle which provides a thrust that propels the aircraft. See also rocket propulsion.

jet stream
A narrow band of high velocity wind in the upper troposphere or in the stratosphere.

jettison
The selective release of stores from an aircraft other than normal attack.

jettisoned mines
Mines which are laid as quickly as possible in order to empty the minelayer of mines, without regard to their condition or relative positions.

joiner
An independent merchant ship sailed to join a convoy. See also joiner convoy; joiner section.

joiner convoy
A convoy sailed to join the main convoy. See also joiner; joiner section.

joiner section
A joiner or joiner convoy, after rendezvous, and while maneuvering to integrate with the main convoy.

joint
Connotes activities, operations, organizations, etc., in which elements of two or more Military Departments participate.

joint after action report
A report consisting of summary joint universal lessons learned. It describes a real world operation or training exercise and identifies significant lessons learned. Also called JAAR.

joint air attack team
A combination of attack and/or scout rotary-wing aircraft and fixed-wing close air support aircraft operating together to locate and attack high-priority targets and other targets of opportunity. The joint air attack team normally operates as a coordinated effort supported by fire support, air defense artillery, naval surface fire support, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance systems, electronic warfare systems, and ground maneuver forces against enemy forces. Joint terminal attack controllers may perform duties as directed by the air mission commander in support of the ground commander's scheme of maneuver. Also called JAAT. See also close air support.

joint airborne advance party
An advance ground party that provides terminal guidance, air traffic control, ground control measures, intelligence gathering, and surface weather observation in the objective area of an airlift operation. It may consist of US Air Force combat control team members and a US Army long-range surveillance team or similar forces. Also called JAAP.

joint airborne training
Training operations or exercises involving airborne and appropriate troop carrier units. This training includes: a. air delivery of personnel and equipment; b. assault operations by airborne troops and/or air transportable units; c. loading exercises and local orientation fights of short duration; and d. maneuvers and/or exercises as agreed upon by Services concerned and/or as authorized by the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

joint air operations
Air operations performed with air capabilities/forces made available by components in support of the joint force commander's operation or campaign objectives, or in support of other components of the joint force.

joint air operations center
A jointly staffed facility established for planning, directing, and executing joint air operations in support of the joint force commander's operation or campaign objectives. Also called JAOC. See also joint air operations.

joint air operations plan
A plan for a connected series of joint air operations to achieve the joint force commander's objectives within a given time and joint operational area. Also called JAOP. See also joint air operations.

joint amphibious operation
An amphibious operation conducted by significant elements of two or more Services.

joint amphibious task force
A temporary grouping of units of two or more Services under a single commander, organized for the purpose of engaging in an amphibious landing for assault on hostile shores. Also called JATF.

joint base
For purposes of base defense operations, a joint base is a locality from which operations of two or more of the Military Departments are projected or supported and which is manned by significant elements of two or more Military Departments or in which significant elements of two or more Military Departments are located. See also base.

joint captured materiel exploitation center
A physical location for deriving intelligence information from captured enemy materiel. It is normally subordinate to the joint force/J-2. Also called JCMEC.

joint civil-military operations task force
A joint task force composed of civil-military operations units from more than one Service. It provides support to the joint force commander in humanitarian or nation assistance operations, theater campaigns, or a civil-military operations concurrent with or subsequent to regional conflict. It can organize military interaction among many governmental and nongovernmental humanitarian agencies within the theater. Also called JCMOTF. See also civil-military operations; joint task force; task force.

joint combat search and rescue operation
A combat search and rescue operation in support of a component's military operations that has exceeded the combat search and rescue capabilities of that component and requires the efforts of two or more components of the joint force. Normally, the operation is conducted by the joint force commander or a component commander that has been designated by joint force commander tasking. See also combat search and rescue; search and rescue.

joint combined exchange training
A program conducted overseas to fulfill US forces training requirements and at the same time exchange the sharing of skills between US forces and host nation counterparts. Training activities are designed to improve US and host nation capabilities. Also called JCET.

joint communications control center
An element of the J-6 established to support a joint force commander. The joint communications control center (JCCC) serves as the single control agency for the management and direction of the joint force command, control, communications, and computer systems. The JCCC may include plans and operations, administration, system control, and frequency management sections. Also called JCCC.

joint communications network
The aggregation of all the joint communications systems in a theater. The joint communications network includes the joint multi-channel trunking and switching system and the joint command and control communications system(s). Also called JCN.

joint concept
A description of how a joint force commander might plan, prepare, deploy, employ, sustain, and redeploy a joint force. It guides the further development and integration of joint functional and Service concepts into a joint capability, and articulates the measurable detail needed for experimentation and decision making.

joint decision support tools
A compilation of processes and systems developed from the application of maturing leading edge information systems technologies that provide the warfighter and the logistician the means to rapidly plan, execute, monitor, and replan logistic operations in a collaborative environment that is responsive to operational requirements. Also called JDST

joint deployable intelligence support system
A transportable workstation and communications suite that electronically extends a joint intelligence center to a joint task force or other tactical user. Also called JDISS.

joint doctrine
Fundamental principles that guide the employment of US military forces in coordinated action toward a common objective. Joint doctrine contained in joint publications also includes terms, tactics, techniques, and procedures. It is authoritative but requires judgment in application. See also Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff instruction; Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff manual; doctrine; joint doctrine development community; Joint Doctrine Development System; joint publication; joint test publication; multinational doctrine.

joint doctrine development community
The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Services, the combatant commands, the Joint Staff, the combat support agencies, and the doctrine development agencies of the Services and the joint community. Also called JDDC. See also joint doctrine; Joint Doctrine Development System.

Joint Doctrine Development System
The system of lead agents, Joint Staff doctrine sponsors, primary review authorities, coordinating review authorities, technical review authorities, assessment agents, evaluation agents, Joint Doctrine Working Party, procedures, and hierarchical framework designed to initiate, develop, approve, and maintain joint publications. See also joint doctrine; joint doctrine development community.

Joint Doctrine Working Party
A forum to include representatives of the Services, combatant commands, and the Joint Staff (represented by the Operational Plans and Joint Force Development Directorate, J-7, Joint Staff) that meets at least semiannually to address, vote and make recommendations on project proposals; discuss key joint doctrinal or operational issues; keep up to date on the status of the joint publication projects and emerging publications; and keep abreast of other initiatives of interest to the members. The Joint Doctrine Working Party meets under the sponsorship of the Director, Joint Staff/J-7. Also called JDWP. See also joint doctrine; joint publication; joint test publication.

joint document exploitation center
A physical location for deriving intelligence information from captured adversary documents including all forms of electronic data and other forms of stored textual and graphic information. It is normally subordinate to the joint force/J-2. Also called JDEC. See also intelligence.

joint duty assignment
An assignment to a designated position in a multi-Service, joint or multinational command or activity that is involved in the integrated employment or support of the land, sea, and air forces of at least two of the three Military Departments. Such involvement includes, but is not limited to, matters relating to national military strategy, joint doctrine and policy, strategic planning, contingency planning, and command and control of combat operations under a unified or specified command. Also called JDA.

Joint Duty Assignment List
Positions designated as joint duty assignments are reflected in a list approved by the Secretary of Defense and maintained by the Joint Staff. The Joint Duty Assignment List is reflected in the Joint Duty Assignment Management Information System. Also called JDAL.

joint engagement zone
See weapon engagement zone.

Joint Facilities Utilization Board
A joint board that evaluates and reconciles component requests for real estate, use of existing facilities, inter-Service support, and construction to ensure compliance with Joint Civil-Military Engineering Board priorities.

joint fires
Fires produced during the employment of forces from two or more components in coordinated action toward a common objective. See also fires

joint fires element
An optional staff element that provides recommendations to the operations directorate to accomplish fires planning and synchronization. Also called JFE. See also fire support; joint fires.

joint fire support
Joint fires that assist air, land, maritime, amphibious, and special operations forces to move, maneuver, and control territory, populations, airspace, and key waters. See also fire support; joint fires.

joint flow and analysis system for transportation
System that determines the transportation feasibility of a course of action or operation plan; provides daily lift assets needed to move forces and resupply; advises logistic planners of channel and port inefficiencies; and interprets shortfalls from various flow possibilities. Also called JFAST. See also course of action; operation plan; system.

joint force
A general term applied to a force composed of significant elements, assigned or attached, of two or more Military Departments operating under a single joint force commander. See also joint force commander.

joint force air component commander
The commander within a unified command, subordinate unified command, or joint task force responsible to the establishing commander for making recommendations on the proper employment of assigned, attached, and/or made available for tasking air forces; planning and coordinating air operations; or accomplishing such operational missions as may be assigned. The joint force air component commander is given the authority necessary to accomplish missions and tasks assigned by the establishing commander. Also called JFACC. See also joint force commander.

joint force commander
A general term applied to a combatant commander, subunified commander, or joint task force commander authorized to exercise combatant command (command authority) or operational control over a joint force. Also called JFC. See also joint force.

joint force land component commander
The commander within a unified command, subordinate unified command, or joint task force responsible to the establishing commander for making recommendations on the proper employment of assigned, attached, and/or made available for tasking land forces; planning and coordinating land operations; or accomplishing such operational missions as may be assigned. The joint force land component commander is given the authoritynecessary to accomplish missions and tasks assigned by theestablishing commander. Also called JFLCC. See also joint force commander.

joint force maritime component commander
The commander within a unified command, subordinate unified command, or joint task force responsible to the establishing commander for making recommendations on the proper employment of assigned, attached, and/or made available for tasking maritime forces and assets; planning and coordinating maritime operations; or accomplishing such operational missions as may be assigned. The joint force maritime component commander is given the authority necessary to accomplish missions and tasks assigned by the establishing commander. Also called JFMCC. See also joint force commander.

joint force meteorological and oceanographic officer
Officer designated to provide direct meteorological and oceanographic support to a joint force commander. Also called JMO. See also meteorological and oceanographic.

joint force special operations component commander
The commander within a unified command, subordinate unified command, or joint task force responsible to the establishing commander for making recommendations on the proper employment of assigned, attached, and/or made available for tasking special operations forces and assets; planning and coordinating special operations; or accomplishing such operational missions as may be assigned. The joint force special operations component commander is given the authority necessary to accomplish missions and tasks assigned by the establishing commander. Also called JFSOCC. See also joint force commander.

joint force surgeon
A general term applied to a medical officer appointed by the joint force commander to serve as the joint force special staff officer responsible for establishing, monitoring, or evaluating joint force health service support. Also called JFS. See also health service support; joint force.

joint guidance, apportionment, and targeting team
A group that makes recommendations for air apportionment to engage targets, and provides other targeting support requiring component input at the joint force air component commander level. Also called JGAT team. See also air apportionment; apportionment; joint force air component commander; targeting.

joint information bureau
Facility established by the joint force commander to serve as the focal point for the interface between the military and the media during the conduct of joint operations. When operated in support of multinational operations, a joint information bureau is called a "combined information bureau" or an "allied press information center." Also called JIB. See also public affairs.

joint integrated prioritized target list
A prioritized list of targets and associated data approved by the joint force commander or designated representative and maintained by a joint force. Targets and priorities are derived from the recommendations of components in conjunction with their proposed operations supporting the joint force commander's objectives and guidance. Also called JIPTL. See also target; target list.

joint intelligence
Intelligence produced by elements of more than one Service of the same nation.

joint intelligence architecture
A dynamic, flexible structure that consists of the National Military Joint Intelligence Center, the theater joint intelligence centers or joint intelligence center equivalents, and subordinate joint force joint intelligence support elements. This architecture encompasses automated data processing equipment capabilities, communications and information requirements, and responsibilities to provide national, geographic combatant, operational, and tactical commanders with the full range of intelligence required for planning and conducting operations. See also architecture; intelligence.

joint intelligence center
The intelligence center of the combatant command headquarters. The joint intelligence center is responsible for providing and producing the intelligence required to support the combatant commander and staff, components, subordinate joint forces and elements, and the national intelligence community. Also called JIC. See also intelligence; joint intelligence; joint intelligence architecture.

joint intelligence liaison element
A liaison element provided by the Central Intelligence Agency in support of a unified command or joint task force.

joint intelligence preparation of the battlespace
The analytical process used by joint intelligence organizations to produce intelligence assessments, estimates and other intelligence products in support of the joint force commander's decision making process. It is a continuous process that includes defining the total battlespace environment; describing the battlespace's effects; evaluating the adversary; and determining and describing adversary potential courses of action. The process is used to analyze the air, land, sea, space, electromagnetic, cyberspace, and human dimensions of the environment and to determine an opponent's capabilities to operate in each. Joint intelligence preparation of the battlespace products are used by the joint force and component command staffs in preparing their estimates and are also applied during the analysis and selection of friendly courses of action. Also called JIPB. See also battlespace; intelligence; joint intelligence.

joint intelligence support element
A subordinate joint force element whose focus is on intelligence support for joint operations, providing the joint force commander, joint staff, and components with the complete air, space, ground, and maritime adversary situation. Also called JISE. See also intelligence; joint force; joint operations.

joint interrogation and debriefing center
A physical location for the exploitation of intelligence information from enemy prisoners of war and other nonprisoner sources. It is normally subordinate to the joint force/J-2. Also called JIDC. See also information; intelligence.

joint interrogation operations
1. Activities conducted by a joint or interagency organization to extract information for intelligence purposes from enemy prisoners of war, dislocated civilians, enemy combatants, or other uncategorized detainees. 2. Activities conducted in support of law enforcement efforts to adjudicate enemy combatants who are believed to have committed crimes against US persons or property. Also called JIO. See also enemy combatant.

joint logistics
The art and science of planning and carrying out, by a joint force commander and staff, logistic operations to support the protection, movement, maneuver, firepower, and sustainmentof operating forces of two or more Military Departments of the same nation. See also logistics.

Joint Logistics Operations Center
The Joint Logistics Operations Center is the current operations division within the Logistics Directorate of the Joint Staff. It monitors crisis, exercises, and interagency actions. It also works acquisition and cross-servicing agreements as well as international logistics. The Joint Logistics Operations Center reviews deployment orders produced by the Operations Directorate of the Joint Staff for logistic issues and ensures the correct airlift priority code is assigned. Also called JLOC. See also logistics.

joint logistics over-the-shore commander
The joint logistics over-the-shore (JLOTS) commander is selected by the joint force commander (JFC) and is usually from either the Army or Navy components that are part of the JFC's task organization. This individual then builds a joint headquarters from personnel and equipment in theater to organize the efforts of all elements participating in accomplishing the JLOTS mission having either wet or dry cargo or both. JLOTS commanders will usually integrate members from each participating organization to balance the overall knowledge base in their headquarters. See also joint logistics over-the-shore operations

joint logistics over-the-shore operations
Operations in which Navy and Army logistics over-the-shore (LOTS) forces conduct LOTS operations together under a joint force commander. Also called JLOTS operations. See also joint logistics; logistics over-the-shore operations.

joint manpower program
The document that reflects an activity's mission, functions, organization, current and projected manpower needs and, when applicable, its required mobilization augmentation. A recommended joint manpower program also identifies and justifies any changes proposed by the commander or director of a joint activity for the next five fiscal years. Also called JMP.

Joint Materiel Priorities and Allocation Board
The agency charged with performing duties for the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in matters that establish materiel priorities or allocate resources. Also called JMPAB. See also materiel.

joint meteorological and oceanographic forecast unit
An organization consisting of a jointly supported collective of meteorological and oceanographic personnel and equipment formed to provide meteorological and oceanographic support to the joint force commander. Also called JMFU. See also meteorological and oceanographic.

joint mission-essential task
A mission task selected by a joint force commander deemed essential to mission accomplishment and defined using the common language of the universal joint task list in terms of task, condition, and standard. Also called JMET. See also condition, universal joint task list.

Joint Mobility Control Group
The Joint Mobility Control Group is the focal pointfor coordinating and optimizing transportation operations. This group is comprised of seven essential elements. The primary elements are US Transportation Command's Mobility Control Center, Joint Operational Support Airlift Center, Global Patient Movement Requirements Center, Tanker/Airlift Control Center, MilitarySealift Command's Command Center, Military Traffic Management Command's Command Operations, and the Joint Intelligence Center-US Transportation Command. Also called JMCG. See also Global Patient Movement Requirements Center; mobility; United States Transportation Command.

joint mortuary affairs office
Plans and executes all mortuary affairs programs within a theater. Provides guidance to facilitate the conduct of all mortuary programs and to maintain data (as required) pertaining to recovery, identification, and disposition of all US dead and missing in the assigned theater. Serves as the central clearing point for all mortuary affairs and monitors the deceased and missing personal effects program. Also called JMAO. See also mortuary affairs; personal effects.

joint movement center
The center established to coordinate the employment of all means of transportation (including that provided by allies or host nations) to support the concept of operations. This coordination is accomplished through establishment of transportation policies within the assigned operational area, consistent with relative urgency of need, port and terminal capabilities, transportation asset availability, and priorities set by a joint force commander. Also called JMC. See also concept of operations.

joint multi-channel trunking and switching system
That composite multi-channel trunking and switching system formed from assets of the Services, the Defense Information Systems Agency, other available systems, and/or assets controlled by the Joint Chiefs of Staff to provide an operationally responsive, survivable communication system, preferably in a mobile, transportable, and/or recoverable configuration, for the joint force commander in an operational area.

Joint Munitions Effectiveness Manual-Special Operations
A publication providing a single, comprehensive source of information covering weapon effectiveness, selection, and requirements for special operations munitions. In addition, the closely related fields of weapon characteristics and effects, target characteristics, and target vulnerability are treated in limited detail required by the mission planner. Although emphasis is placed on weapons that are currently in the inventory, information is also included for some weapons not immediately available but projected for the near future. Also called JMEM-SO.

joint nuclear accident coordinating center
A combined Defense Special Weapons Agency and Department of Energy centralized agency for exchanging and maintaining information concerned with radiological assistance capabilities and coordinating that assistance in response to an accident or incident involving radioactive materials. Also called JNACC.

joint operation planning
Planning for contingencies that can reasonably be anticipated in an area of responsibility or joint operations area of the command. Planning activities exclusively associated with the preparation of operation plans, operation plans in concept format, campaign plans, and operation orders (other than the Single Integrated Operational Plan) for the conduct of military operations by the combatant commanders in response to requirements established by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Joint operation planning is coordinated at the national level to support Secretary of Defense Contingency Planning Guidance, strategic requirements in the National Military Strategy, and emerging crises. As such, joint operation planning includes mobilization planning, deployment planning, employment planning, sustainment planning, and redeployment planning procedures. Joint operation planning is performed in accordance with formally established planning and execution procedures. See also contingency plan; execution planning; implementation planning; Joint Operation Planning and Execution System; joint operation planning process.

Joint Operation Planning and Execution System
A system that provides the foundation for conventional command and control by national- and combatant command-level commanders and their staffs. It is designed to satisfy their information needs in the conduct of joint planning and operations. Joint Operation Planning and Execution System (JOPES) includes joint operation planning policies, procedures, and reporting structures supported by communications and automated data processing systems. JOPES is used to monitor, plan, and execute mobilization, deployment, employment, sustainment, and redeployment activities associated with joint operations. Also called JOPES. See also joint operation planning; joint operations.

joint operation planning process
A coordinated Joint Staff procedure used by a commander to determine the best method of accomplishing assigned tasks and to direct the action necessary to accomplish the mission. See also joint operation planning; Joint Operation Planning and Execution System.

joint operations
A general term to describe military actions conducted by joint forces or by Service forces in relationships (e.g., support, coordinating authority) which, of themselves, do not create joint forces.

joint operations area
An area of land, sea, and airspace, defined by a geographic combatant commander or subordinate unified commander, in which a joint force commander (normally a joint task force commander) conducts military operations to accomplish a specific mission. Joint operations areas are particularly useful when operations are limited in scope and geographic area or when operations are to be conducted on the boundaries between theaters. Also called JOA. See also area of responsibility; joint special operations area.

joint operations center
A jointly manned facility of a joint force commander's headquarters established for planning, monitoring, and guiding the execution of the commander's decisions. Also called JOC.

joint patient movement requirements center
A joint force health service support center under the control of the subordinate joint force surgeon, established to coordinate and control, in terms of identifying bed space requirements, the movement of patients within and out of the joint operations area. The joint patient movement requirements center also generates subordinate joint force commander (JFC) plans and schedules to evacuate the subordinate JFC's patients to medical treatment facilities in accordance with the supported combatant commander's theater patient movement requirements center theater plans and schedules for movement of the patient to the medical treatment facility. Also called JPMRC. See also health service support; joint force surgeon; joint operations area; medical treatment facility; patient.

joint personnel training and tracking activity
The continental US center established (upon request of the supported combatant commander) to facilitate the reception, accountability, processing, training, and onward movement of both military and civilian individual augmentees preparing for overseas movement to support a joint military operation. Also called JPTTA.

joint planning and execution community
Those headquarters, commands, and agencies involved in the training, preparation, movement, reception, employment, support, and sustainment of military forces assigned or committed to a theater of operations or objective area. It usually consists of the Joint Staff, Services, Service major commands (including the Service wholesale logistic commands), unified commands (and their certain Service component commands), subunified commands, transportation component commands, joint task forces (as applicable), Defense Logistics Agency, and other Defense agencies (e.g., Defense Intelligence Agency) as may be appropriate to a given scenario. Also called JPEC.

joint planning group
A joint force planning organization consisting of designated representatives of the joint force headquarters principal and special staff sections, joint force components (Service and/or functional), and other supporting organizations or agencies as deemed necessary by the joint force commander (JFC). Joint planning group membership should be a long-term assignment and members should be designated spokespersons for their respective sections or organizations. Responsibilities and authority of the joint planning group are assigned by the JFC. Normally headed by the joint force chief planner, joint planning group responsibilities may include, but are not limited to, crisis action planning (to include course of action development and refinement), coordination of joint force operation order development, and planning for future operations (e.g., transition, termination, follow-on). Also called JPG. See also course of action development; crisis action planning; joint operation planning.

joint psychological operations task force
A joint special operations task force composed of headquarters and operational assets. It assists the joint force commander in developing strategic, operational, and tactical psychological operation plans for a theater campaign or other operations. Mission requirements will determine its composition and assigned or attached units to support the joint task force commander. Also called JPOTF. See also joint special operations task force; psychological operations; special operations.

joint publication
A publication containing joint doctrine that is prepared under the direction and authority of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and applies to all US military forces. Also called JP. See also Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff instruction; Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff manual; joint doctrine; joint test publication.

joint readiness
See readiness.

joint rear area
A specific land area within a joint force commander's operational area designated to facilitate protection and operation of installations and forces supporting the joint force. Also called JRA. See also joint force; joint force commander; rear area.

joint rear area coordinator
The officer with responsibility for coordinating the overall security of the joint rear area in accordance with joint force commander directives and priorities in order to assist in providing a secure environment to facilitate sustainment, host-nation support, infrastructure development, and movements of the joint force. The joint rear area coordinator also coordinates intelligence support and ensures that area management is practiced with due consideration for security requirements. Also called JRAC.

joint rear area operations
Those operations in the joint rear area that facilitate protection or support of the joint force. See also joint force; joint rear area; rear area.

joint rear tactical operations center
A joint operations cell tailored to assist the joint rear area coordinator in meeting mission responsibilities. Also called JRTOC.

joint reception center
The center established in the operational area (per direction of the joint force commander), with responsibility for the reception, accountability, training, processing, of military and civilian individual augmentees upon their arrival in the operational area. Also the center where augmentees will normally be outprocessed through upon departure from the operational area. Also called JRC.

joint reception complex
The group of nodes (air and/or sea) designated by the supported combatant command, in coordination with the host nation and United States Transportation Command, that receives, processes, services, supports, and facilitates onward movement of personnel, equipment, materiel, and units deploying into, out of, or within a theater line of communications. See also group; node

joint reception, staging, onward movement, and integration
A phase of joint force projection occurring in the operational area. This phase comprises the essential processes required to transition arriving personnel, equipment, and materiel into forces capable of meeting operational requirements. Also called JRSOI. See also integration; joint force; reception; staging.

joint regional defense command
A joint task force headquarters formed on order of the Commander in Chief, United States Atlantic Command within designated continental United States (CONUS) multistate regions, to command and control (1) execution of land defense of CONUS; and (2) military assistance to civil authority missions.

joint restricted frequency list
A time and geographically-oriented listing of TABOO, PROTECTED, and GUARDED functions, nets, and frequencies. It should be limited to the minimum number of frequencies necessary for friendly forces to accomplish objectives. Also called JRFL.See also electronic warfare; guarded frequencies; protected frequencies; TABOO frequencies.

joint search and rescue center
A primary search and rescue facility suitably staffed by supervisory personnel and equipped for planning, coordinating, and executing joint search and rescue and combat search and rescue operations within the geographical area assigned to the joint force. The facility is operated jointly by personnel from two or more Service or functional components or it may have a multinational staff of personnel from two or more allied or coalition nations (multinational search and rescue center). The joint search and rescue center should be staffed equitably by trained personnel drawn from each joint force component, including US Coast Guard participation where practical. Also called JSRC. See also combat search and rescue; joint search and rescue center director; rescue coordination center; search and rescue.

joint search and rescue center director
The designated representative with overall responsibility for operation of the joint search and rescue center. See also combat search and rescue; joint search and rescue center; search and rescue.

joint servicing
That function performed by a jointly staffed and financed activity in support of two or more Military Services. See also servicing.

joint special operations air component commander
The commander within a joint force special operations command responsible for planning and executing joint special operations air activities. Also called JSOACC.

joint special operations area
A restricted area of land, sea, and airspace assigned by a joint force commander to the commander of a joint special operations force to conduct special operations activities. The commander of joint special operations forces may further assign a specific area or sector within the joint special operations area to a subordinate commander for mission execution. The scope and duration of the special operations forces' mission, friendly and hostile situation, and politico-military considerations all influence the number, composition, and sequencing of special operations forces deployed into a joint special operations area. It may be limited in size to accommodate a discrete direct action mission or may be extensive enough to allow a continuing broad range of unconventional warfare operations. Also called JSOA.

joint special operations task force
A joint task force composed of special operations units from more than one Service, formed to carry out a specific special operation or prosecute special operations in support of a theater campaign or other operations. The joint special operations task force may have conventional non-special operations units assigned or attached to support the conduct of specific missions. Also called JSOTF.

joint specialty officer or joint specialist
An officer on the active duty list who is particularly trained in, and oriented toward, joint matters. Also called JSO.

joint staff
1. The staff of a commander of a unified or specified command, subordinate unified command, joint task force, or subordinate functional component (when a functional component command will employ forces from more than one Military Department), that includes members from the several Services comprising the force. These members should be assigned in such a manner as to ensure that the commander understands the tactics, techniques, capabilities, needs, and limitations of the component parts of the force. Positions on the staff should be divided so that Service representation and influence generally reflect the Service composition of the force. 2. (capitalized as Joint Staff) The staff under the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff as provided for in the National Security Act of 1947, as amended by the Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986. The Joint Staff assists the Chairman and, subject to the authority, direction, and control of the Chairman and the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in carrying out their responsibilities. Also called JS. See also staff.

Joint Staff doctrine sponsor
A Joint Staff directorate assigned to coordinate a specific joint doctrine project with the Joint Staff. Joint Staff doctrine sponsors assist the lead agent and primary review authority as requested and directed and process the final coordination (and test publications if applicable) for approval. Also called JSDS. See also joint doctrine.

joint state area command
A joint task force headquarters formed on order of Commander in Chief, United States Atlantic Command, within existing state boundaries to command and control United States and federalized state elements designated to execute land defense of the continental United States, military support to civil defense, and military assistance to civil authority missions. See also joint regional defense command.

Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan
The Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan provides guidance to the combatant commanders and the Joint Chiefs of Staff to accomplish tasks and missions based on current military capabilities. It apportions resources to combatant commanders, based on military capabilities resulting from completed program and budget actions and intelligence assessments. The Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan provides a coherent framework for capabilities-based military advice provided to the President and Secretary of Defense. Also called JSCP. See also combatant commander; joint.

Joint Strategic Planning System
The primary means by which the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in consultation with the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the combatant commanders, carries out the statutory responsibilities to assist the President and Secretary of Defense in providing strategic direction to the Armed Forces; prepares strategic plans; prepares and reviews contingency plans; advises the President and Secretary of Defense on requirements, programs, and budgets; and provides net assessment on the capabilities of the Armed Forces of the United States and its allies as compared with those of their potential adversaries. Also called JSPS.

joint suppression of enemy air defenses
A broad term that includes all suppression of enemy air defense activities provided by one component of the joint force in support of another. Also called J-SEAD. See also air defense suppression; suppression of enemy air defenses.

joint table of allowances
A document that authorizes end-items of materiel for units operated jointly by two or more military assistance advisory groups and missions. Also called JTA.

joint table of distribution
A manpower document that identifies the positions and enumerates the spaces that have been approved for each organizational element of a joint activity for a specific fiscal year (authorization year), and those spaces which have been accepted for planning and programming purposes for the four subsequent fiscal years (program years). Also called JTD. See also joint manpower program.

Joint Tactical Air Reconnaissance/Surveillance Mission Report
A preliminary report of information from tactical reconnaissance aircrews rendered by designated debriefing personnel immediately after landing and dispatched prior to compilation of the initial photo interpretation report. It provides a summary of the route conditions, observations, and aircrew actions and identifies sensor products. Also called MISREP.

joint targeting coordination board
A group formed by the joint force commander to accomplish broad targeting oversight functions that may include but are not limited to coordinating targeting information, providing targeting guidance and priorities, and refining the joint integrated prioritized target list. The board is normally comprised of representatives from the joint force staff, all components, and if required, component subordinate units. Also called JTCB. See also joint integrated prioritized target list; targeting.

joint targeting steering group
A group formed by a combatant commander to assist in developing targeting guidance and reconciling competing requests for assets from multiple joint task forces. Also called JTSG. See also group; joint; targeting.

joint target list
A consolidated list of selected targets considered to have military significance in the combatant commander's area of responsibility. Also called JTL. See also joint; target.

joint task force
A joint force that is constituted and so designated by the Secretary of Defense, a combatant commander, a subunified commander, or an existing joint task force commander. Also called JTF.

joint task force counterintelligence coordinating authority
An authority that affects the overall coordination ofcounterintelligence (CI) activities (in a joint force intelligence directorate counterintelligence and human intelligence staff element, joint task force configuration), with subordinate command CI elements, other supporting CI organizations, and supporting agencies to ensure full CI coverage of the task force operational area. Also called TFCICA. See also counterintelligence; counterintelligence activities; joint task force.

Joint Technical Coordinating Group for Munitions Effectiveness
A Joint Staff-level organization tasked to produce generic target vulnerability and weaponeering studies. The special operations working group is a subordinate organization specializing in studies for special operations. Also called JTCG-ME.

joint terminal attack controller
A qualified (certified) Service member who, from a forward position, directs the action of combat aircraft engaged in close air support and other offensive air operations. A qualified and current joint terminal attack controller will be recognized across the Department of Defense as capable and authorized to perform terminal attack control. Also called JTAC. See also terminal attack control.

joint test publication
A proposed publication produced for the purpose of field-testing an emergent concept that has been validated through the Joint Experimentation Program or a similar joint process. Also called JTP. See also Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff instruction; joint doctrine; joint publication.

joint theater missile defense
The integration of joint force capabilities to destroy enemy theater missiles in flight or prior to launch or to otherwise disrupt the enemy's theater missile operations through an appropriate mix of mutually supportive passive missile defense; active missile defense; attack operations; and supporting command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence measures. Enemy theater missiles are those that are aimed at targets outside the continental United States. Also called JTMD.

joint total asset visibility
The capability designed to consolidate source data from a variety of joint and Service automated information systems to provide joint force commanders with visibility over assets in-storage, in-process, and in-transit. Also called JTAV. See also total asset visibility.

Joint Transportation Board
Responsible to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Joint Transportation Board assures that common-user transportation resources assigned or available to the Department of Defense are allocated as to achieve maximum benefit in meeting DOD objectives. Also called JTB. See also common-user transportation.

joint urban operations
All joint operations planned and conducted across the range of military operations on or against objectives on a topographical complex and its adjacent natural terrain where manmade construction or the density of noncombatants are the dominant features. Also called JUOs. See also joint operations.

joint warfighting capabilities assessment
A team of warfighting and functional area experts from the Joint Staff, unified commands, Services, Office of the Secretary of Defense, and Defense agencies tasked by the Joint Requirements Oversight Council with completing assessments and providing military recommendations to improve joint warfighting capabilities. Also called JWCA.

Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System
The sensitive, compartmented information portion of the Defense Information Systems Network. It incorporates advanced networking technologies that permit point-to-point or multipoint information exchange involving voice, text, graphics, data, and video teleconferencing. Also called JWICS.

joint zone (air, land, or sea)
An area established for the purpose of permitting friendly surface, air, and subsurface forces to operate simultaneously.

join up
To form separate aircraft or groups of aircraft into a specific formation.

JSOU
Joint Special Operations University

jumpmaster
The assigned airborne qualified individual who controls paratroops from the time they enter the aircraft until they exit. See also stick commander (air transport).

jump speed
The airspeed at which paratroops can jump with comparative safety from an aircraft.

K-day
The basic date for the introduction of a convoy system on any particular convoy lane. See also D-day; M-day.

key employee
Any Reservist identified by his or her employer, private or public, as filling a key position.

key facilities list
A register of selected command installations and industrial facilities of primary importance to the support of military operations or military production programs. It is prepared under the policy direction of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

key point
A concentrated site or installation, the destruction or capture of which would seriously affect the war effort or the success of operations.

key position
A civilian position, public or private (designated by the employer and approved by the Secretary concerned), that cannot be vacated during war or national emergency.

keystone publications
Joint doctrine publications that establish the doctrinal foundation for a series of joint publications in the hierarchy of joint publications. Keystone publications are provided for joint personnel support, intelligence support, operations, logistic support, plans, and command, control, communications, and computer systems support series publications. See also above-the-line publications; below-the-line publications; capstone publications; joint publication.

key terrain
Any locality, or area, the seizure or retention of which affords a marked advantage to either combatant. See also vital ground.

kill box
A three-dimensional area reference that enables timely, effective coordination and control and facilitates rapid attacks.

killed in action
A casualty category applicable to a hostile casualty, other than the victim of a terrorist activity, who is killed outright or who dies as a result of wounds or other injuries before reaching a medical treatment facility. Also called KIA. See also casualty category.

killing zone
An area in which a commander plans to force the enemy to concentrate so as to be destroyed with conventional weapons or the tactical employment of nuclear weapons.

kill probability
A measure of the probability of destroying a target.

kiloton weapon
A nuclear weapon, the yield of which is measured in terms of thousands of tons of trinitrotoluene explosive equivalents, producing yields from 1 to 999 kilotons. See also megaton weapon; nominal weapon; subkiloton weapon.

kite
In naval mine warfare, a device which when towed, submerges and planes at a predetermined level without sideways displacement.


 


 
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