Glossary of Military Terms
1. The process of determining the friendly or hostile
character of an unknown detected contact. 2. In arms control,
the process of determining which nation is responsible for the
detected violations of any arms control measure. 3. In ground
combat operations, discrimination between recognizable objects
as being friendly or enemy, or the name that belongs to the
object as a member of a class. Also called ID.
iidentification, friend or foe
A device that emits a signal positively identifying it as
a friendly. Also called IFF. See also air defense.
identification friend or foe personal identifier
The discrete identification friend or foe code assigned to
a particular aircraft, ship, or other vehicle for identification
by electronic means.
identification, friend or foe/selective identification feature
The directives that govern the use of identification,
friend or foe selective identification feature equipment. See
also identification, friend or foe.
A maneuver performed for identification purposes.
Area in an earth-covered structure of concrete and/or
steel designed for the storage of ammunition and explosives. See
See firing system.
Directing radar energy at an aircraft or surface vessel
sufficient to obtain radar targeting information (fire control
Actual size of negative, scope, or other medium on which
image is produced.
image motion compensation
Movement intentionally imparted to film at such a
rate as to compensate for the forward motion of an air or space
vehicle when photographing ground objects.
Collectively, the representations of objects
reproduced electronically or by optical means on film,
electronic display devices, or other media.
The reference materials which support the imagery
The mutual relationship between the different
signatures on imagery from different types of sensors in terms
of position and the physical characteristics signified.
imagery data recording
The transposing of information relating to the
airborne vehicle and sensor, such as speed, height, tilt,
position, and time, to the matrix block on the sensor record at
the moment of image acquisition.
The cycle of processing and printing imagery to the
positive or negative state, assembly into imagery packs,
identification, interpretation, mensuration, information
extraction, the preparation of reports, and the dissemination of
Intelligence derived from the exploitation of collection
by visual photography, infrared sensors, lasers, electro-optics,
and radar sensors such as synthetic aperture radar wherein
images of objects are reproduced optically or electronically on
film, electronic display devices, or other media. Also called
IMINT. See also intelligence; photographic intelligence.
1. The process of location, recognition,
identification, and description of objects, activities, and
terrain represented on imagery. 2. The extraction of information
from photographs or other recorded images. Also called
imagery interpretation key
Any diagram, chart, table, list, or set of examples,
etc., which is used to aid imagery interpreters in the rapid
identification of objects visible on imagery.
An assembly of the records from different imagery
sensors covering a common target area.
imitative communications deception
That division of deception involving the introduction of
false or misleading but plausible communications into target
systems that mimics or imitates the targeted communications. See
also deception; target system.
imitative electromagnetic deception
See electromagnetic deception.
immediate airlift requests
Requests generated that, due to their time-critical
nature, cannot be filled by a planned mission.
immediate air support
Air support to meet specific requests which arise
during the course of a battle and which by their nature cannot
be planned in advance. See also air support.
Decontamination carried out by individuals immediately
upon becoming contaminated. It is performed in an effort to
minimize casualties, save lives, and limit the spread of
contamination. Also called emergency decontamination. See also
The next destination of a ship or convoy,
irrespective of whether or not onward routing instructions have
been issued to it.
immediately vital cargo
A cargo already loaded which the consignee country
regards as immediately vital for the prosecution of the war or
for national survival, notwithstanding the risk to the ship. If
the cargo is carried in a ship of another nation, then that
nation must agree to the delivery of the cargo. The use of this
term is limited to the period of implementation of the shipping
A category of precedence reserved for messages relating to
situations that gravely affect the security of national and
multinational forces or populace and that require immediate
delivery to the addressee(s). See also precedence.
immediate mission request
A request for an air strike on a target that, by its
nature, could not be identified sufficiently in advance to
permit detailed mission coordination and planning. See also
preplanned mission request.
immediate nuclear support
Nuclear support to meet specific requests that arise
during the course of a battle, and that by their nature, cannot
be planned in advance. See also nuclear support; preplanned
immediate operational readiness
Those operations directly related to the assumption of an
alert or quick-reaction posture. Typical operations include
strip alert, airborne alert and/or indoctrination, no-notice
launch of an alert force, and the maintenance of missiles in an
alert configuration. See also nuclear weapon exercise; nuclear
Targets that have been identified too late, or not
selected for action in time to be included in the normal
targeting process, and therefore have not been scheduled.
Immediate targets have two subcategories: unplanned and
unanticipated. See also target.
iimpact action fuze
A fuze that is set in action by the striking of a
projectile or bomb against an object, e.g., percussion fuze,
contact fuze. Also called direct action fuze.
An area having designated boundaries within the limits of
which all ordnance will detonate or impact.
The difference between pitot pressure and static
Procedures governing the mobilization of the force and the
deployment, employment, and sustainment of military operations
in response to execution orders issued by the Secretary of
Defense. Also called IMP.
Operational planning associated with the conduct of a
continuing operation, campaign, or war to attain defined
objectives. At the national level, it includes the development
of strategy and the assignment of strategic tasks to the
combatant commanders. At the theater level, it includes the
development of campaign plans to attain assigned objectives and
the preparation of operation plans and operation orders to
prosecute the campaign. At lower levels, implementation planning
prepares for the execution of assigned tasks or logistic
missions. See also joint operation planning.
A weapon in which a quantity of fissionable material, less
than a critical mass at ordinary pressure, has its volume
suddenly reduced by compression (a step accomplished by using
chemical explosives) so that it becomes supercritical, producing
a nuclear explosion.
A cash fund of a fixed amount established through an
advance of funds, without appropriation change, to an authorized
imprest fund cashier to effect immediate cash payments of
relatively small amounts for authorized purchases of supplies
and nonpersonal services
Funds issued by Army and Air Force Exchange Service
(AAFES) to a military organization to purchase beginning
inventory for the operation of an AAFES imprest fund activity.
See also Army and Air Force Exchange Service imprest fund
Brief note in the margin of a map giving all or some
of the following: date of publication, printing, name of
publisher, printer, place of publication, number of copies
printed, and related information.
improved conventional munitions
Munitions characterized by the delivery of two or more
antipersonnel or antimateriel and/or antiarmor submunitions by a
warhead or projectile.
improvised early resupply
The onward movement of commodities which are
available on land and which can be readily loaded into ships.
improvised explosive device
A device placed or fabricated in an improvised
manner incorporating destuctive, lethal, noxious, pyrotechnic,
or incendiary chemicals and designed to destroy, incapacitate,
harass, or distract. It may incorporate military stores, but is
normally devised from nonmilitary components. Also called IED.
A mine fabricated from available materials at or near its
point of use.
improvised nuclear device
A device incorporating radioactive materials designed to
result in the dispersal of radioactive material or in the
formation of nuclear-yield reaction. Such devices may be
fabricated in a completely improvised manner or may be an
improvised modification to a US or foreign nuclear weapon. Also
inactive aircraft inventory
Aircraft in storage or bailment and/or
government-furnished equipment on loan or lease outside of the
Defense establishment or otherwise not available to the Military
inactive duty training
Authorized training performed by a member of a Reserve
Component not on active duty or active duty for training and
consisting of regularly scheduled unit training assemblies,
additional training assemblies, periods of appropriate duty or
equivalent training, and any special additional duties
authorized for Reserve Component personnel by the Secretary
concerned, and performed by them in connection with the
prescribed activities of the organization in which they are
assigned with or without pay. Does not include work or study
associated with correspondence courses. Also called IDT. See
also active duty for training.
Inactive National Guard
Army National Guard personnel in an inactive status not in
the Selected Reserve who are attached to a specific National
Guard unit but do not participate in training activities. Upon
mobilization, they will mobilize with their units. In order for
these personnel to remain members of the Inactive National
Guard, they must muster once a year with their assigned unit.
Like the Individual Ready Reserve, all members of the Inactive
National Guard have legal, contractual obligations. Members of
the Inactive National Guard may not train for retirement credit
or pay and are not eligible for promotion. Also called ING. See
also Individual Ready Reserve; Selected Reserve.
Status of reserve members on an inactive status list of a
Reserve Component or assigned to the Inactive Army National
Guard. Those in an inactive status may not train for points or
pay, and may not be considered for promotion.
Traffic originating in an area outside the continental
United States destined for or moving in the general direction of
the continental United States.
An agent that produces temporary physiological or mental
effects, or both, which will render individuals incapable of
concerted effort in the performance of their assigned duties.
incapacitating illness or injury
The casualty status of a person (a) whose illness or
injury requires hospitalization but medical authority does not
classify as very seriously ill or injured; or (b) seriously ill
or injured and the illness or injury makes the person physically
or mentally unable to communicate with the next of kin. Also
called III. See also casualty status.
incentive type contract
A contract that may be of either a fixed price or cost
reimbursement nature, with a special provision for adjustment of
the fixed price or fee. It provides for a tentative target price
and a maximum price or maximum fee, with price or fee adjustment
after completion of the contract for the purpose of establishing
a final price or fee based on the contractor's actual costs plus
a sliding scale of profit or fee that varies inversely with the
cost but which in no event shall permit the final price or fee
to exceed the maximum price or fee stated in the contract. See
also cost contract; fixed price type contract.
In information operations, an assessed event of attempted
entry, unauthorized entry, or an information attack on an
automated information system. It includes unauthorized probing
and browsing; disruption or denial of service; altered or
destroyed input, processing, storage, or output of information;
or changes to information system hardware, firmware, or software
characteristics with or without the users' knowledge,
instruction, or intent. See also information operations.
See search and rescue incident classification.
incident control point
A designated point close to an incident where crisis
management forces will rendezvous and establish control
capability before initiating a tactical reaction. Also called
ICP. See also antiterrorism.
Brief clashes or other military disturbances generally of
a transitory nature and not involving protracted hostilities.
See pitch angle.
Two or more units proceeding together under the command of
a designated senior.
Costs which are additional costs to the Service
appropriations that would not have been incurred absent support
of the contingency operation. See also financial management.
indefinite call sign
A call sign which does not represent a specific
facility, command, authority, activity, or unit, but which may
represent any one or any group of these. See also call sign.
indefinite delivery type contract
A type of contract used for procurements where the exact
time of delivery is not known at time of contracting
A merchant ship under naval control sailed singly
and unescorted by a warship. See also military independent.
independent ejection system
See ejection systems.
A mine which is not controlled by the user after
laying. See also mine.
In computer modeling and simulation, a review performed by
competent, objective reviewers who are independent of the model
developer. Independent review includes either (a) a detailed
verification and/or validation of the model or simulation; or
(b) an examination of the verification and/or validation
performed by the model or simulation developer. See also
configuration management; validation; verification.
indications and warning
Those intelligence activities intended to detect and
report time-sensitive intelligence information on foreign
developments that could involve a threat to the United States or
allied and/or coalition military, political, or economic
interests or to US citizens abroad. It includes forewarning of
enemy actions or intentions; the imminence of hostilities;
insurgency; nuclear/nonnuclear attack on the United States, its
overseas forces, or allied and/or coalition nations; hostile
reactions to US reconnaissance activities; terrorists' attacks;
and other similar events. Also called I&W. See also information;
Information in various degrees of evaluation, all of which
bear on the intention of a potential enemy to adopt or reject a
course of action.
In intelligence usage, an item of information which
reflects the intention or capability of a potential enemy to
adopt or reject a course of action.
Fire delivered on a target that is not itself used as a
point of aim for the weapons or the director.
Aiming a gun either by sighting at a fixed object,
called the aiming point, instead of the target or by using a
means of pointing other than a sight, such as a gun director,
when the target cannot be seen from the gun position.
Referring to method of use: signifies personal clothing
and equipment, for the personal use of the individual. See also
Referring to method of use: signifies personal clothing
and equipment, for the personal use of the individual. See also
individual mobilization augmentee detachment
An administrative unit organized to train and manage
individual mobilization augmentees.
Actions taken by individuals to survive and continue the
mission under nuclear, biological, and chemical conditions. See
individual protective equipment
In nuclear, biological, and chemical warfare, the
personal clothing and equipment required to protect an
individual from biological and chemical hazards and some nuclear
Individual Ready Reserve
A manpower pool consisting of individuals who have had
some training, who have served previously in the Active
Component or in the Selected Reserve, and have some period of
their military service obligation remaining. Members may
voluntarily participate in training for retirement points and
promotion with or without pay. Also called IRR. See also
The supplies carried on a soldier, animal, or vehicle for
individual use in an emergency. See also reserve supplies.
The individual's inherent right of self-defense is an
element of unit self-defense. It is critical that individuals
are aware of and train to the principle that they have the
authority to use all available means and to take all appropriate
action to defend themselves and other US personnel in their
vicinity. In the implementation of these standing and other
rules of engagement (ROE), commanders have the obligation to
ensure that the individuals within that commander's unit
understand when and how they may use force in self-defense.
While individuals assigned to a unit respond to a hostile act or
hostile intent in the exercise of self-defense, their use of
force must remain consistent with lawful orders of their
superiors, the rules contained in joint doctrine, and other
applicable ROE promulgated for the mission or area of
individual sponsored dependent
A dependent not entitled to travel to the overseas command
at Government expense or who enters the command without
endorsement of the appropriate overseas commander.
Any manmade or equipment-made environment that directly or
indirectly affects the performance of man or materiel.
Radiation produced as a result of exposure to
radioactive materials, particularly the capture of neutrons. See
also contamination; initial radiation; residual radiation;
In naval mine warfare, a circuit actuated by the
rate of change in a magnetic field due to the movement of the
ship or the changing current in the sweep.
Chemicals developed or manufactured for use in industrial
operations or research by industry, government, or academia.
These chemicals are not primarily manufactured for the specific
purpose of producing human casualties or rendering equipment,
facilities, or areas dangerous for human use. Hydrogen cyanide,
cyanogen chloride, phosgene, and chloropicrin are industrial
chemicals that also can be military chemical agents. See also
The transformation of industry from its peacetime activity
to the industrial program necessary to support the national
military objectives. It includes the mobilization of materials,
labor, capital, production facilities, and contributory items
and services essential to the industrial program. See also
The state of preparedness of industry to produce essential
materiel to support the national military objectives.
industrial preparedness program
Plans, actions, or measures for the transformation of the
industrial base, both government-owned and civilian-owned, from
its peacetime activity to the emergency program necessary to
support the national military objectives. It includes industrial
preparedness measures such as modernization, expansion, and
preservation of the production facilities and contributory items
and services for planning with industry. Also called IPP.
As distinguished from military property, any
contractor-acquired or government-furnished property, including
materials, special tooling, and industrial facilities, furnished
or acquired in the performance of a contract or subcontract.
See industrial preparedness.
A prepared non-explosive filling of the same weight
as the explosive filling.
A guidance system designed to project a missile over a
predetermined path, wherein the path of the missile is adjusted
after launching by devices wholly within the missile and
independent of outside information. The system measures and
converts accelerations experienced to distance traveled in a
inertial navigation system
A self-contained navigation system using inertial
detectors, which automatically provides vehicle position,
heading, and velocity. Also called INS.
A mine or replica of a mine incapable of producing
A situation of such exceptional urgency that immediate
action must be taken to minimize imminent loss of life or
catastrophic degradation of the political or military situation.
1. The movement through or into an area or territory
occupied by either friendly or enemy troops or organizations.
The movement is made, either by small groups or by individuals,
at extended or irregular intervals. When used in connection with
the enemy, it infers that contact is avoided. 2. In intelligence
usage, placing an agent or other person in a target area in
hostile territory. Usually involves crossing a frontier or other
guarded line. Methods of infiltration are: black (clandestine);
grey (through legal crossing point but under false
documentation); and white (legal).
Cargo such as drummed gasoline and oils.
The flight of a missile or space vehicle from launch to
detonation or impact.
The transmission from the airborne system of information
obtained both at the target and en route.
The distribution in space of the influence of a ship
or minesweeping equipment.
A mine actuated by the effect of a target on some
physical condition in the vicinity of the mine or on radiations
emanating from the mine. See also mine.
influence release sinker
A sinker which holds a moored or rising mine at the
sea-bed and releases it when actuated by a suitable ship
A sweep designed to produce an influence similar to that
produced by a ship and thus actuate mines.
1. Facts, data, or instructions in any medium or form. 2.
The meaning that a human assigns to data by means of the known
conventions used in their representation.
Information operations that protect and defend information
and information systems by ensuring their availability,
integrity, authentication, confidentiality, and nonrepudiation.
This includes providing for restoration of information systems
by incorporating protection, detection, and reaction
capabilities. Also called IA. See also information; information
operations; information system.
Processes that collect, analyze, and disseminate
information using any medium or form. These processes may be
stand-alone processes or sub-processes that, taken together,
comprise a larger system or systems of processes. See also
A space on an annotated overlay, mosaic, map, etc.,
which is used for identification, reference, and scale
The aggregate of individuals, organizations, or systems
that collect, process, or disseminate information; also included
is the information itself. See also information system.
Actions taken to affect adversary information and
information systems while defending one's own information and
information systems. Also called IO. See also defensive
information operations; information; offensive information
Report used to forward raw information collected to
fulfill intelligence requirements.
Those items of information regarding the adversary and the
environment that need to be collected and processed in order to
meet the intelligence requirements of a commander. See also
priority intelligence requirements.
Information and related resources, such as personnel,
equipment, and information technology. See also information.
The protection of information and information systems
against unauthorized access or modification of information,
whether in storage, processing, or transit, and against denial
of service to authorized users. Information security includes
those measures necessary to detect, document, and counter such
threats. Information security is composed of computer security
and communications security. Also called INFOSEC. See also
communications security; computer security; information
security; information system.
That degree of dominance in the information domain which
permits the conduct of operations without effective opposition.
See also information operations.
The entire infrastructure, organization, personnel, and
components that collect, process, store, transmit, display,
disseminate, and act on information. See also information;
Information operations conducted during time of crisis or
conflict to achieve or promote specific objectives over a
specific adversary or adversaries. Also called IW. See also
crisis; information; information operations; operation.
Film carrying an emulsion especially sensitive to
"near-infrared." Used to photograph through haze because of the
penetrating power of infrared light and in camouflage detection
to distinguish between living vegetation and dead vegetation or
artificial green pigment.
That imagery produced as a result of sensing
electromagnetic radiations emitted or reflected from a given
target surface in the infrared position of the electromagnetic
spectrum (approximately 0.72 to 1,000 microns).
infrared linescan system
A passive airborne infrared recording system which
scans across the ground beneath the flight path, adding
successive lines to the record as the vehicle advances along the
Photography employing an optical system and direct image
recording on film sensitive to near-infrared wavelength
(infrared film). (Note: Not to be confused with "infrared
A low power laser device operating in the near infrared
light spectrum that is visible with light amplifying night
vision devices. Also called IR pointer.
Radiation emitted or reflected in the infrared portion of
the electromagnetic spectrum.
All building and permanent installations necessary for the
support, redeployment, and military forces operations (e.g.
barracks, headquarters, airfields, communications, facilities,
stores, port installations, and maintenance stations). See also
bilateral infrastructure; common infrastructure; national
initial active duty for training
Basic military training and technical skill training
required for all accessions. For nonprior service male enlistees
between the ages of 18 1/2 and 26, initial active duty for
training shall be not less than 12 weeks and start insofar as
practical within 270 days after enlistment. Initial active duty
for training for all other enlistees and inductees shall be
prescribed by the Secretary concerned and start insofar as
practical within 360 days of entry into the Service, except in
time of war or national emergency declared by Congress or the
President when basic training shall be not less than 12 weeks or
its equivalent. Reservists may not be assigned to active duty on
land outside the United States or its territories and
possessions until basic training has been completed.
a. That part of an instrument approach procedure in
which the aircraft has departed an initial approach fix or point
and is maneuvering to enter the intermediate or final approach.
It ends at the intermediate fix or point or, where no
intermediate segment is established, at the final approach fix
or point. b. That part of a visual approach of an aircraft
immediately prior to arrival over the airfield of destination,
or over the reporting point from which the final approach to the
airfield is commenced.
initial approach area
An area of defined width lying between the last
preceding navigational fix or dead reckoning position and either
the facility to be used for making an instrument approach or a
point associated with such a facility that is used for
demarcating the termination of initial approach.
An assessment that provides a basic determination of the
viability of the infiltration and exfiltration portion of a
proposed special operations forces mission. Also called IA.
initial contact report
See contact report.
initial draft plan
A plan which has been drafted and coordinated by the
originating headquarters, and is ready for external coordination
with other military headquarters. It cannot be directly
implemented by the issuing commander, but it may form the basis
for an operation order issued by the commander in the event of
an emergency. See also coordinated draft plan; draft plan; final
plan; operation plan.
initial early resupply
The onward movement of ships which are already loaded with
cargoes which will serve the requirements after D-day. This
includes such shipping deployed from major ports/major water
terminals and subsequently dispersed to secondary
ports/alternate water terminals and anchorages.
initial entry into Military Service
Entry for the first time into military status (active duty
or reserve) by induction, enlistment, or appointment in any
Service of the Armed Forces of the United States. Appointment
may be as a commissioned or warrant officer; as a cadet or
midshipman at the Service academy of one of the armed forces; or
as a midshipman, US Naval Reserve, for US Naval Reserve
Officers' Training Corps training at a civilian institution.
The issue of materiel not previously furnished to an
individual or organization, including new inductees and newly
activated organizations, and the issue of newly authorized items
initial operational capability
The first attainment of the capability to employ
effectively a weapon, item of equipment, or system of approved
specific characteristics that is manned or operated by an
adequately trained, equipped, and supported military unit or
force. Also called IOC.
initial path sweeping
In naval mine warfare, initial sweeping to clear a
path through a mined area dangerous to the following mine
sweepers. See also precursor sweeping.
initial photo interpretation report
A first-phase interpretation report, subsequent to the
Joint Tactical Air Reconnaissance/Surveillance Mission Report,
presenting the results of the initial readout of new imagery to
answer the specific requirements for which the mission was
1. The first point at which a moving target is located on
a plotting board. 2. A well-defined point, easily
distinguishable visually and/or electronically, used as a
starting point for the bomb run to the target. 3. airborne--A
point close to the landing area where serials (troop carrier air
formations) make final alterations in course to pass over
individual drop or landing zones. 4. helicopter--An air control
point in the vicinity of the landing zone from which individual
flights of helicopters are directed to their prescribed landing
sites. 5. Any designated place at which a column or element
thereof is formed by the successive arrival of its various
subdivisions, and comes under the control of the commander
ordering the move. Also called IP. See also target approach
initial programmed interpretation report
A standardized imagery interpretation report
providing information on programmed mission objectives or other
vital intelligence information which can be readily identified
near these objectives, and which has not been reported
elsewhere. Also called IPIR.
The process of determining the range and quantity of items
(i.e., spares and repair parts, special tools, test equipment,
and support equipment) required to support and maintain an item
for an initial period of service. Its phases include the
identification of items of supply, the establishment of data for
catalog, technical manual, and allowance list preparation, and
the preparation of instructions to assure delivery of necessary
support items with related end articles.
The radiation, essentially neutrons and gamma rays,
resulting from a nuclear burst and emitted from the fireball
within one minute after burst. See also induced radiation;
In amphibious operations, those supplies that normally are
unloaded immediately following the assault waves; usually the
supplies for the use of the beach organization, battalion
landing teams, and other elements of regimental combat teams for
the purpose of initiating and sustaining combat until higher
supply installations are established. See also reserve supplies.
initial response force
The first unit, usually military police, on the scene of a
terrorist incident. See also antiterrorism.
initial unloading period
In amphibious operations, that part of the
ship-to-shore movement in which unloading is primarily tactical
in character and must be instantly responsive to landing force
requirements. All elements intended to land during this period
are serialized. See also general unloading period.
An order to a subordinate commander to conduct military
operations as directed. It is issued by the unified commander,
subunified commander, Service component commander, or joint
force commander delegated overall responsibility for the
initiation of procurement action
That point in time when the approved document requesting
procurement and citing funds is forwarded to the procuring
activity. See also procurement lead time.
A term comprising such conditions as fractures, wounds,
sprains, strains, dislocations, concussions, and compressions.
In addition, it includes conditions resulting from extremes of
temperature or prolonged exposure. Acute poisonings (except
those due to contaminated food) resulting from exposure to a
toxic or poisonous substance are also classed as injuries. See
also casualty; wounded.
inland petroleum distribution system
A multi-product system consisting of both commercially
available and military standard petroleum equipment that can be
assembled by military personnel and, when assembled into an
integrated petroleum distribution system, provides the military
with the capability required to support an operational force
with bulk fuels. The inland petroleum distribution system is
comprised of three primary subsystems: tactical petroleum
terminal, pipeline segments, and pump stations. Engineer units
install the pipeline and construct the pump stations;
Quartermaster units install the theater petroleum terminal and
operate the total system when it is completed. Also called IPDS.
inland search and rescue region
The inland areas of the continental United States, except
waters under the jurisdiction of the United States. See also
search and rescue region.
inner transport area
In amphibious operations, an area as close to the landing
beach as depth of water, navigational hazards, boat traffic, and
enemy action permit, to which transports may move to expedite
unloading. See also outer transport area; transport area.
The right of all ships to engage in continuous and
expeditious surface passage through the territorial sea and
archipelagic waters of foreign coastal states in a manner not
prejudicial to its peace, good order, or security. Passage
includes stopping and anchoring, but only if incidental to
ordinary navigation or necessary by force majeure or distress,
or for the purpose of rendering assistance to persons, ships, or
aircraft in danger or distress.
1. A North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)-assigned
force that, in peacetime, is principally stationed in the
designated combat zone of the NATO command to which it is
committed. 2. Force within a combatant commander's area of
responsibility and under the combatant commander's combatant
command (command authority).
A naval defense patrol operating generally within a
naval defense coastal area and comprising all elements of harbor
defenses, the coastal lookout system, patrol craft supporting
bases, aircraft, and Coast Guard stations.
In arms control, physical process of determining
compliance with arms control measures.
A grouping of facilities, located in the same vicinity,
which support particular functions. Installations may be
elements of a base. See also base; base complex.
The individual responsible for all operations performed by
an installation. See also antiterrorism; base commander;
In the Air Force, a combination of land and facilities
comprised of a main installation and its noncontiguous
properties (auxiliary air fields, annexes, and missile fields)
that provide direct support to or are supported by that
installation. Installation complexes may comprise two or more
properties, e.g., a major installation, a minor installation, or
a support site, each with its associated annex(es) or support
property(ies). See also minor installation.
An inert mine used for instruction and normally
sectionalized for this purpose. See also inert mine.
instrument approach procedure
A series of predetermined maneuvers for the orderly
transfer of an aircraft under instrument flight conditions from
the beginning of the initial approach to a landing or to a point
from which a landing may be made visually or the missed approach
procedure is initiated.
Flight in which the path and attitude of the
aircraft are controlled solely by reference to instruments.
instrument landing system
A system of radio navigation intended to assist
aircraft in landing which provides lateral and vertical
guidance, which may include indications of distance from the
optimum point of landing. Also called ILS.
instrument meteorological conditions
Meteorological conditions expressed in terms of
visibility, distance from cloud, and ceiling; less than minimums
specified for visual meteorological conditions. Also called IMC.
See also visual meteorological conditions.
An expression used to denote the task of providing
artillery supporting fire to a formation or unit. Liaison and
observation are not normally provided. See also at priority
call; direct support.
in support of
Assisting or protecting another formation, unit, or
organization while remaining under original control.
An organized movement aimed at the overthrow of a
constituted government through use of subversion and armed
Member of a political party who rebels against established
leadership. See also antiterrorism; counterinsurgency;
Integrated Consumable Item Support
A decision support system that takes time-phased force and
deployment data (i.e., Department of Defense deployment plans)
and calculates the ability of the Defense Logistics Agency, the
warehousing unit of the Department of Defense, to support those
plans. Integrated Consumable Item Support can calculate for the
planned deployment supply/demand curves for over two million
individual items stocked by the Defense Logistics Agency in
support of deployment. Integrated Consumable Item Support allows
planners to identify critical end items and anticipated
shortfalls in the Defense Logistics Agency inventories.
Integrated Consumable Item Support provides materiel readiness
information for Defense Logistics Agency managed items to
Defense Logistics Agency management, to all Services, and to the
Joint Staff, to be used as a piece of the larger wartime
logistic picture, which ultimately is used to assess total
readiness and sustainability for deliberately planned
contingencies. The goals and objectives of Integrated Consumable
Item Support are to know the "war stoppers," know the weapons
systems affected, and know when the Defense Logistics Agency
will run out of stock. Also called ICIS.
integrated fire control system
A system that performs the functions of target
acquisition, tracking, data computation, and engagement control,
primarily using electronic means and assisted by
integrated logistics support
A composite of all the support considerations necessary to
assure the effective and economical support of a system for its
life cycle. It is an integral part of all other aspects of
system acquisition and operation. Also called ILS.
integrated materiel management
The exercise of total Department of Defense-level
management responsibility for a federal supply group or class,
commodity, or item for a single agency. It normally includes
computation of requirements, funding, budgeting, storing,
issuing, cataloging, standardizing, and procuring functions.
Also called IMM. See also materiel; materiel management.
In amphibious operations, the planning accomplished by
commanders and staffs of corresponding echelons from parallel
chains of command within the amphibious task force. See also
amphibious operation; amphibious task force.
integrated priority list
A list of a combatant commander's highest priority
requirements, prioritized across Service and functional lines,
defining shortfalls in key programs that, in the judgment of the
combatant commander, adversely affect the capability of the
combatant commander's forces to accomplish their assigned
mission. The integrated priority list provides the combatant
commander's recommendations for programming funds in the
planning, programming, and budgeting system process. Also called
A staff in which one officer only is appointed to
each post on the establishment of the headquarters, irrespective
of nationality and Service. See also multinational staff; joint
staff; parallel staff; staff.
integrated tactical warning
See tactical warning.
The conduct of military operations in any combat
environment wherein opposing forces employ non-conventional
weapons in combination with conventional weapons.
1. In force protection, the synchronized transfer of units
into an operational commander's force prior to mission
execution. 2. The arrangement of military forces and their
actions to create a force that operates by engaging as a whole.
3. In photography, a process by which the average radar picture
seen on several scans of the time base may be obtained on a
print, or the process by which several photographic images are
combined into a single image. See also force protection.
1. The product resulting from the collection, processing,
integration, analysis, evaluation, and interpretation of
available information concerning foreign countries or areas. 2.
Information and knowledge about an adversary obtained through
observation, investigation, analysis, or understanding. See also
acoustic intelligence; all-source intelligence; basic
intelligence; civil defense intelligence; combat intelligence;
communications intelligence; critical intelligence; current
intelligence; departmental intelligence; domestic intelligence;
electronic intelligence; electro-optical intelligence; foreign
intelligence; foreign instrumentation signals intelligence;
general military intelligence; human resources intelligence;
imagery intelligence; joint intelligence; laser intelligence;
measurement and signature intelligence; medical intelligence;
merchant intelligence; military intelligence; national
intelligence; nuclear intelligence; open-source intelligence;
operational intelligence; photographic intelligence; political
intelligence; radar intelligence; radiation intelligence;
scientific and technical intelligence; security intelligence;
strategic intelligence; tactical intelligence; target
intelligence; technical intelligence; technical operational
intelligence; terrain intelligence; unintentional radiation
A supporting document of an operation plan or order that
provides detailed information on the enemy situation, assignment
of intelligence tasks, and intelligence administrative
intelligence collection plan
A plan for gathering information from all available
sources to meet an intelligence requirement. Specifically, a
logical plan for transforming the essential elements of
information into orders or requests to sources within a required
time limit. See also intelligence process.
intelligence contingency funds
Appropriated funds to be used for intelligence activities
when the use of other funds is not applicable or would either
jeopardize or impede the mission of the intelligence unit.
The sum of holdings of intelligence data and finished
intelligence products at a given organization.
intelligence data handling systems
Information systems that process and manipulate raw
information and intelligence data as required. They are
characterized by the application of general purpose computers,
peripheral equipment, and automated storage and retrieval
equipment for documents and photographs. While automation is a
distinguishing characteristic of intelligence data handling
systems, individual system components may be either automated or
manually operated. Also called IDHS.
A well defined area of intelligence collection,
processing, exploitation, and reporting using a specific
category of technical or human resources. There are seven major
disciplines: human intelligence, imagery intelligence,
measurement and signature intelligence, signals intelligence,
open-source intelligence, technical intelligence, and
counterintelligence. See also counterintelligence; human
intelligence; imagery intelligence; intelligence; measurement
and signature intelligence; open-source intelligence; signals
intelligence; technical intelligence.
The appraisal, expressed in writing or orally, of
available intelligence relating to a specific situation or
condition with a view to determining the courses of action open
to the enemy or potential enemy and the order of probability of
A formal agreement in which a combatant command joint
intelligence center receives preplanned intelligence support
from other joint intelligence centers, Service intelligence
organizations, Reserve organizations, and national agencies
during crisis or contingency operations. See also joint
Collection of intelligence on other units or forces by own
units or forces.
A chronological log of intelligence activities covering a
stated period, usually 24 hours. It is an index of reports and
messages that have been received and transmitted, important
events that have occurred, and actions taken. The journal is a
permanent and official record.
The variety of intelligence and counterintelligence tasks
that are carried out by various intelligence organizations and
activities within the intelligence process. Intelligence
operations include planning and direction, collection,
processing and exploitation, analysis and production,
dissemination and integration, and evaluation and feedback. See
also analysis and production; collection; dissemination and
integration; evaluation and feedback; planning and direction;
processing and exploitation.
intelligence preparation of the battlespace
An analytical methodology employed to reduce uncertainties
concerning the enemy, environment, and terrain for all types of
operations. Intelligence preparation of the battlespace builds
an extensive database for each potential area in which a unit
may be required to operate. The database is then analyzed in
detail to determine the impact of the enemy, environment, and
terrain on operations and presents it in graphic form.
Intelligence preparation of the battlespace is a continuing
process. Also called IPB.
The process by which information is converted into
intelligence and made available to users. The process consists
of six interrelated intelligence operations: planning and
direction, collection, processing and exploitation, analysis and
production, dissemination and integration, and evaluation and
feedback. See also analysis and production; collection;
dissemination and integration; evaluation and feedback;
intelligence; planning and direction; processing and
Those activities outside the consolidated defense
intelligence program that: respond to operational commanders'
tasking for time-sensitive information on foreign entities;
respond to national intelligence community tasking of systems
whose primary mission is support to operating forces; train
personnel for intelligence duties; provide an intelligence
reserve; or are devoted to research and development of
intelligence or related capabilities. (Specifically excluded are
programs that are so closely integrated with a weapon system
that their primary function is to provide immediate-use
A specific report of information, usually on a single
item, made at any level of command in tactical operations and
disseminated as rapidly as possible in keeping with the
timeliness of the information. Also called INTREP.
The preparation and conveyance of information by any
means. More commonly, the term is restricted to reports as they
are prepared by the collector and as they are transmitted by the
collector to the latter's headquarters and by this component of
the intelligence structure to one or more intelligence-producing
components. Thus, even in this limited sense, reporting embraces
both collection and dissemination. The term is applied to normal
and specialist intelligence reports. See also normal
intelligence reports; specialist intelligence report.
1. Any subject, general or specific, upon which there is a
need for the collection of information, or the production of
intelligence. 2. A requirement for intelligence to fill a gap in
the command's knowledge or understanding of the battlespace or
threat forces. See also battlespace; intelligence; priority
The means or system that can be used to observe and record
information relating to the condition, situation, or activities
of a targeted location, organization, or individual. An
intelligence source can be people, documents, equipment, or
technical sensors. See also intelligence; source.
intelligence subject code
A system of subject and area references to index the
information contained in intelligence reports as required by a
general intelligence document reference service.
A specific report providing a summary of items of
intelligence at frequent intervals. Also called INTSUM. See also
intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance
An activity that synchronizes and integrates the planning
and operation of sensors, assets, and processing, exploitation,
and dissemination systems in direct support of current and
future operations. This is an integrated intelligence and
operations function. Also called ISR. See also intelligence;
intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance visualization;
intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance visualization
The capability to graphically display the current and
future locations of intelligence, surveillance, and
reconnaissance sensors, their projected platform tracks,
vulnerability to threat capabilities and meteorological and
oceanographic phenomena, fields of regard, tasked collection
targets, and products to provide a basis for dynamic re-tasking
and time-sensitive decision making. Also called ISR
visualization. See also intelligence; intelligence,
surveillance, and reconnaissance; reconnaissance; surveillance.
Any formal or informal system to manage data gathering, to
obtain and process the data, to interpret the data, and to
provide reasoned judgments to decision makers as a basis for
action. The term is not limited to intelligence organizations or
services but includes any system, in all its parts, that
accomplishes the listed tasks.
A multiplying factor used in planning activities to
evaluate the foreseeable intensity or the specific nature of an
operation in a given area for a given period of time. It is
applied to the standard day of supply in order to calculate the
combat day of supply.
intensity mine circuit
A circuit whose actuation is dependent on the field
strength reaching a level differing by some pre-set minimum from
that experienced by the mine when no ships are in the vicinity.
The continuous process by which the supported and
supporting commanders, the Services, transportation component
commands, and appropriate Defense agencies ensure that movement
data in the Joint Operation Planning and Execution System
time-phased force and deployment data for the initial days of
deployment and/or mobilization are current to support immediate
An aim or design (as distinct from capability) to execute
a specified course of action.
Within the context of Department of Defense involvement,
the coordination that occurs between elements of Department of
Defense, and engaged US Government agencies, nongovernmental
organizations, and regional and international organizations for
the purpose of accomplishing an objective. See also
international organization; nongovernmental organizations.
A manned aircraft utilized for identification and/or
engagement of airborne objects.
The point to which an airborne vehicle is vectored
or guided to complete an interception.
A receiver designed to detect and provide visual
and/or aural indication of electromagnetic emissions occurring
within the particular portion of the electromagnetic spectrum to
which it is tuned.
inter-chart relationship diagram
A diagram on a map or chart showing names and/or
numbers of adjacent sheets in the same (or related) series. Also
called index to adjoining sheets. See also map index.
The linking together of interoperable systems.
intercount dormant period
In naval mine warfare, the period after the
actuation of a ship counter before it is ready to receive
Integrated departmental intelligence that is required by
departments and agencies of the United States Government for the
execution of their missions but which transcends the exclusive
competence of a single department or agency to produce.
An action to divert, disrupt, delay, or destroy the
enemy's surface military potential before it can be used
effectively against friendly forces. See also air interdiction.
A boundary or point common to two or more similar or
dissimilar command and control systems, sub-systems, or other
entities against which or at which necessary information flow
Advance payments, partial payments, loans, discounts,
advances, and commitments in connection therewith; guarantees of
loans, discounts, advances, and commitments in connection
therewith; and any other type of financing necessary for both
performance and termination of contracts.
An availability for the accomplishment of necessary
repairs and urgent alterations at a naval shipyard or other
shore-based repair activity, normally scheduled halfway through
the established regular overhaul cycle.
inter-look dormant period
In mine warfare, the time interval after each look
in a multi-look mine, during which the firing mechanism will not
That part of an instrument approach procedure in
which aircraft configuration, speed, and positioning adjustments
are made. It blends the initial approach segment into the final
approach segment. It begins at the intermediate fix or point and
ends at the final approach fix or point.
Intermediate Force Planning Level
The force level established during Planning Force
development to depict the buildup from the Current Force to the
Planning Force. The Intermediate Force Planning Level is
insufficient to carry out strategy with a reasonable assurance
of success and consequently cannot be referred to as the
Planning Force. See also current force; force; Programmed
intermediate maintenance (field)
Maintenance that is the responsibility of and performed by
designated maintenance activities for direct support of using
organizations. Its phases normally consist of: a. calibration,
repair, or replacement of damaged or unserviceable parts,
components, or assemblies; b. the emergency manufacture of
nonavailable parts; and c. providing technical assistance to
intermediate marker (land mine warfare)
A marker, natural, artificial or specially
installed, which is used as a point of reference between the
landmark and the minefield.
In land warfare, an area or feature between the line
of departure and an objective which must be seized and/or held.
intermediate-range bomber aircraft
A bomber designed for a tactical operating radius of
between 1,000 to 2,500 nautical miles at design gross weight and
design bomb load.
intermediate staging base
A temporary location used to stage forces prior to
inserting the forces into the host nation. Also called ISB. See
also base; staging base.
intermittent arming device
A device included in a mine so that it will be armed
only at set times.
A type of fire in which illuminating projectiles are
fired at irregular intervals.
Type of international freight system that permits
transshipping among sea, highway, rail, and air modes of
transportation through use of American National Standards
Institute and International Organization for Standardization
containers, line-haul assets, and handling equipment. See also
American National Standards Institute; International
Organization for Standardization.
intermodal support equipment
Fixed and deployable assets required to assist container
operations throughout the intermodal container system. Included
are straddle cranes, chassis, rough terrain container handlers,
container cranes and spreader bars. See also intermodal.
Specialized transportation facilities, assets, and
handling procedures designed to create a seamless transportation
system by combining multimodal operations and facilities during
the shipment of cargo. See also intermodal; transportation
US military members and civilian employees and their
immediate families. One of the audiences comprising the concept
of "publics." See also external audience.
internal defense and development
The full range of measures taken by a nation to promote
its growth and to protect itself from subversion, lawlessness,
and insurgency. It focuses on building viable institutions
(political, economic, social, and military) that respond to the
needs of society. Also called IDAD. See also foreign internal
See command information.
internally displaced person
Any person who has left their residence by reason of real
or imagined danger but has not left the territory of their own
Nuclear radiation (alpha and beta particles and
gamma radiation) resulting from radioactive substances in the
The state of law and order prevailing within a nation.
All waters, other than lawfully claimed archipelagic
waters, landward of the baseline from which the territorial sea
is measured. Archipelagic states may also delimit internal
waters consistent with the 1982 convention on the law of the
sea. All states have complete sovereignty over their internal
international arms control organization
An appropriately constituted organization established to
supervise and verify the implementation of arms control
International Atomic Time
The time reference scale established by the Bureau
International des Poids et Mesures on the basis of atomic clock
readings from various laboratories around the world. Also called
international call sign
A call sign assigned in accordance with the
provisions of the International Telecommunications Union to
identify a radio station. The nationality of the radio station
is identified by the first or the first two characters. (When
used in visual signaling, international call signs are referred
to as "signal letters.") See also call sign.
International Convention for Safe Containers
A convention held in Geneva, Switzerland, on 2 Dec 1972,
which resulted in setting standard safety requirements for
containers moving in international transport. These requirements
were ratified by the United States on 3 January 1978. Also
international cooperative logistics
Cooperation and mutual support in the field of
logistics through the coordination of policies, plans,
procedures, development activities, and the common supply and
exchange of goods and services arranged on the basis of
bilateral and multilateral agreements with appropriate cost
international date line
The line coinciding approximately with the
anti-meridian of Greenwich, modified to avoid certain habitable
land. In crossing this line there is a date change of one day.
Also called date line.
international identification code
In railway terminology, a code which identifies a
military train from point of origin to final destination. The
code consists of a series of figures, letters, or symbols
indicating the priority, country of origin, day of departure,
national identification code number, and country of destination
of the train.
international loading gauge (GIC)
The loading gauge upon which international railway
agreements are based. A load whose dimensions fall within the
limits of this gauge may move without restriction on most of the
railways of Continental Western Europe. GIC is an abbreviation
for "gabarit international de chargement," formerly called PPI.
international logistic support
The provision of military logistic support by one
participating nation to one or more participating nations,
either with or without reimbursement. See also interdepartmental
or agency support; inter-Service support; support.
The negotiating, planning, and implementation of
supporting logistic arrangements between nations, their forces,
and agencies. It includes furnishing logistic support (major end
items, materiel, and/or services) to, or receiving logistic
support from, one or more friendly foreign governments,
international organizations, or military forces, with or without
reimbursement. It also includes planning and actions related to
the intermeshing of a significant element, activity, or
component of the military logistic systems or procedures of the
United States with those of one or more foreign governments,
international organizations, or military forces on a temporary
or permanent basis. It includes planning and actions related to
the utilization of United States logistic policies, systems,
and/or procedures to meet requirements of one or more foreign
governments, international organizations, or forces.
international military education and training
Formal or informal instruction provided to foreign
military students, units, and forces on a nonreimbursable
(grant) basis by offices or employees of the United States,
contract technicians, and contractors. Instruction may include
correspondence courses; technical, educational, or informational
publications; and media of all kinds. Also called IMET. See also
United States Military Service funded foreign training.
international narcotics activities
Those activities outside the United States that produce,
transfer, or sell narcotics or other substances controlled in
accordance with Title 21, "Food and Drugs" - United States Code,
sections 811 and 812.
An organization with global mandates, generally funded
bycontributions from national governments. Examples include
theInternational Committee of the Red Cross, the
InternationalOrganization for Migration, and United Nations
agencies. Also called IO. See also nongovernmental
International Organization for Standardization
A worldwide federation of national standards bodies from
some 100 countries, one from each country. The International
Organization for Standardization (ISO) is a non-governmental
organization, established to promote the development of
standardization and related activities in the world with a view
to facilitating the international exchange of goods and
services, and to developing cooperation in the spheres of
intellectual, scientific, technological, and economic activity.
ISO's work results in international agreements which are
published as international standards. Also called ISO.
The distance between the centers of rotation of the
eyeballs of an individual or between the oculars of optical
1. The ability of systems, units, or forces to
provide services to and accept services from other systems,
units, or forces and to use the services so exchanged to enable
them to operate effectively together. 2. (DOD only) The
condition achieved among communications-electronics systems or
items of communications-electronics equipment when information
or services can be exchanged directly and satisfactorily between
them and/or their users. The degree of interoperability should
be defined when referring to specific cases.
The use of interoperable systems, units, or forces.
Suitability of imagery for interpretation with
respect to answering adequately requirements on a given type of
target in terms of quality and scale. a. poor--Imagery is
unsuitable for interpretation to answer adequately requirements
on a given type of target. b. fair--Imagery is suitable for
interpretation to answer requirements on a given type of target
but with only average detail. c. good--Imagery is suitable for
interpretation to answer requirements on a given type of target
in considerable detail. d. excellent--Imagery is suitable for
interpretation to answer requirements on a given type of target
in complete detail.
A part of the analysis and production phase in the
intelligence process in which the significance of information is
judged in relation to the current body of knowledge. See also
Systematic effort to procure information by direct
questioning of a person under the control of the questioner.
Military education provided by one Service to members of
another Service. See also military education; military training.
inter-Service, intragovernmental agreements
Formal long-term or operational specific support
agreements between Services, Department of Defense (DOD), and/or
non-DOD agencies governed by DOD Instruction 4000.19,
Interservice and Intragovernmental Support. These agreements,
normally developed at the Service Secretariat and governmental
agency director level, document funding and reimbursement
procedures as well as standards of support between the supplying
and receiving Service or agencies. Inter-Service,
intragovernmental agreements, while binding Service level
agreements, do not connote DOD-level executive agent
responsibilities. See also inter-Service support.
Action by one Military Service or element thereof to
provide logistic and/or administrative support to another
Military Service or element thereof. Such action can be
recurring or nonrecurring in character on an installation, area,
or worldwide basis. See also interdepartmental or agency
support; international logistic support; support.
Military training provided by one Service to members of
another Service. See also military education; military training.
Between theaters or between the continental United States
and theaters. See also intertheater traffic.
The common-user airlift linking theaters to the
continental United States and to other theaters as well as
theairlift within the continental United States. The majority of
these air mobility assets is assigned to the Commander, United
States Transportation Command. Because of the intertheater
ranges usually involved, intertheater airlift is normally
conducted by the heavy, longer range, intercontinental airlift
assets but may be augmented with shorter range aircraft when
required. Formerly referred to as "strategic airlift." See also
Evacuation of stabilized patients between the originating
theater and points outside the theater, to include the
continental United States and other theaters. En route care is
provided by medical attendants qualified for the specific mode
of transportation. See also en route care; evacuation;
intratheater evacuation; patient.
Traffic between theaters exclusive of that between the
continental United States and theaters.
1. The space between adjacent groups of ships or
boats measured in any direction between the corresponding ships
or boats in each group. 2. The space between adjacent
individuals, ground vehicles, or units in a formation that are
placed side by side, measured abreast. 3. The space between
adjacent aircraft measured from front to rear in units of time
or distance. 4. The time lapse between photographic exposures.
5. At battery right or left, an interval ordered in seconds is
the time between one gun firing and the next gun firing. Five
seconds is the standard interval. 6. At rounds of fire for
effect the interval is the time in seconds between successive
rounds from each gun.
Action taken to divert a unit or force from its track,
flight path, or mission.
To gather information from a person who is aware that
information is being given although there is ignorance of the
true connection and purposes of the interviewer. Generally overt
unless the collector is other than purported to be
Shipping used primarily for the carriage of personnel
and/or cargo along a coast or into river ports to support
operations within a given area.
intransit aeromedical evacuation facility
A medical facility, on or in the vicinity of an air base,
that provides limited medical care for intransit patients
awaiting air transportation. This type of medical facility is
provided to obtain effective utilization of transport airlift
within operating schedules. It includes "remain overnight"
facilities, intransit facilities at aerial ports of embarkation
and debarkation, and casualty staging facilities in an overseas
combat area. See also aeromedical evacuation unit.
That materiel in the military distribution system that is
in the process of movement from point of receipt from
procurement and production (either contractor's plant or first
destination, depending upon point of delivery) and between
points of storage and distribution.
See intransit inventory.
The ability to track the identity, status, and location of
Department of Defense units, and non-unit cargo (excluding bulk
petroleum, oil, and lubricants) and passengers; patients; and
personal property from origin to consignee or destination across
the range of military operations. Also called ITV. See also
Global Transportation Network; total asset visibility.
Within a theater. See also intratheater traffic.
Airlift conducted within a theater. Assets assigned to a
geographic combatant commander or attached to a subordinate
joint force commander normally conduct intratheater airlift
operations.Intratheater airlift provides air movement and
delivery of personnel and equipment directly into objective
areas through airlanding, airdrop, extraction, or other delivery
techniques as well as the air logistic support of all theater
forces, including those engaged in combat operations, to meet
specific theater objectives and requirements. During large-scale
operations, US Transportation Command assets may be tasked to
augment intratheater airlift operations, and may be temporarily
attached to a joint force commander. Formerly referred to as
theaterairlift. See also intertheater airlift.
Evacuation of stabilized patients between points within
the theater. En route care is provided by medical attendants
qualified for the specific mode of transportation. See also en
route care; evacuation; intertheater evacuation; patient.
Traffic within a theater.
An individual, unit, or weapon system, in or near an
operational or exercise area, which presents the threat of
intelligence gathering or disruptive activity.
Movement of a unit or force within another nation's
specified operational area outside of territorial seas and
territorial airspace for surveillance or intelligence gathering
in time of peace or tension.
See military currency.
That phase of military logistics which includes
managing, cataloging, requirements determinations, procurement,
distribution, overhaul, and disposal of materiel. Also called
inventory management; materiel control; materiel management;
inventory control point
An organizational unit or activity within a Department of
Defense supply system that is assigned the primary
responsibility for the materiel management of a group of items
either for a particular Service or for the Defense Department as
a whole. Materiel inventory management includes cataloging
direction, requirements computation, procurement direction,
distribution management, disposal direction and, generally,
rebuild direction. Also called ICP.
See inventory control.
See inventory control point.
Those program costs required beyond the development phase
to introduce into operational use a new capability; to procure
initial, additional, or replacement equipment for operational
forces; or to provide for major modifications of an existing
capability. They exclude research, development, test and
evaluation, military personnel, and operation and maintenance
That part of the atmosphere, extending from about 70 to
500 kilometers, in which ions and free electrons exist in
sufficient quantities to reflect electromagnetic waves.
See infrared pointer.
Armed individuals or groups who are not members of the
regular armed forces, police, or other internal security forces.
irregular outer edge
In land mine warfare, short mine rows or strips laid
in an irregular manner in front of a minefield facing the enemy
to deceive the enemy as to the type or extent of the minefield.
Generally, the irregular outer edge will only be used in
minefields with buried mines.
isodose rate line
See dose rate contour line.
Military or civilian personnel separated from their unit
or organization in an environment requiring them to survive,
evade, or escape while awaiting rescue or recovery. See also
combat search and rescue; search and rescue.
isolated personnel report
A Department of Defense Form (DD 1833) containing
information designed to facilitate the identification and
authentication of an evader by a recovery force. Also called
ISOPREP. See also authentication; evader; recovery force.
issue control group
A detachment that operates the staging area, consisting of
holding areas and loading areas, in an operation. See also
issue priority designator
See priority designator.
An individual within the organization of an inventory
control point or other such organization assigned management
responsibility for one or more specific items of materiel.